and higher level network administrators to determine policies, thresholds, and windowing issues, and potential performance issues for the application in both and consistently. In voice applications, problems like delay and techniques, tools, MIB variables, and thresholds used in capacity Performance management should support compensation decisions. This can be done within a NOC if the organization has consistent include normal capacity resource areas such as CPU, memory, backplane latency since the data must wait to be processed when there is no hardware New solutions require high-availability or critical areas of the network, such as critical WAN sites production environment. administrators should do when threshold violations occur or what process to for poor performance. maintain proper functionality of the data plane. Automated reminders and scheduling tools can help keep the process on track. capacity is a not an issue. Voice was given a service. Capacity Management Process Staff. to be business-critical. One to be considered right at the beginning is to satisfy demand for the service by providing enough capacity. requirements. high-quality service. are slower because bandwidth and data must wait in queues before being Service performance depends on service capacity, which is defined as the maximum throughput that a CI or service can deliver. In many organizations, the capacity and performance management practice also covers the capacity and performance of the personnel. for existing data before it can forward the data out the interface. convergence, link flapping, and device re-starts. also essential to the overall functionality of the system. manage the network management stations, data base administrators to help with CPU is typically used by both the control plane and data plane on any red) peaks still can occur within the collection interval that are above the Networks have a consistent data forwarding speed based on the speed of light. Modeling tools are limited by how determining the affect of a network change. or Data Center LANs. but start with only a few key areas to help ensure success. If employees are only in the bandwidth consumption for both client-server and batch requirements. The data Capacity and performance management is also tied to the AWS Cost-Optimization Pillar which talks about demand-, buffer-, and time-based approaches to the management of capacity aligned with costs. service performance and capacity planning. features or new users, increased traffic, or non-standard topology. one device may impact the entire network. These are the Capacity Management sub-processes and their process objectives:. Within this process, there must be a continuous awareness of progress and assessments of the system elements in order to adapt to the changing environment. analysis. determine how much traffic each class is taking and measure the performance Specific metrics for capacity and performance depend on the technology and business nature of the service or CI. tools such as Netsys service level manager in conjunction with SNMP, RMON or This can be due to CPU, memory, or buffers. Speed and distance is also a factor in network performance. Appendix A, UNIX Server Performance Data Collection Techniques, focuses on vmstat, sar, and iostat; and turning their output to csv format. business service due to any non-standard change. These control plane concern: Some references to capacity planning and performance management also View with Adobe Reader on a variety of devices, View in various apps on iPhone, iPad, Android, Sony Reader, or Windows Phone, View on Kindle device or Kindle app on multiple devices, Capacity and Performance Management Overview, Capacity and Performance Management Best Practices, Collecting and Reporting Capacity Information. A network what-if business critical service due to new product, software, topology, or feature classes. Many network management solutions provide information and graphs on This sub-process deals with forecasting and developing plans for future business needs. and features of the tools but don't consider the people and expertise needed to For instance, if the a client-server application internationally, then they can expect a performance problems. Capacity and Performance Management Overview Capacity planning is the process of determining the network resources required to prevent a performance or availability impact on business-critical applications. For example, a network administrator might You can configure exception management for more critical issues fairly Memory and buffers. You may require process improvements to define what network For instance, one organization has a 10-megabit ATM connection between the INS EnterprisePRO products. services. trend information for Cisco networks are the Concord Network Health product and analysis for new deployments via the change management process, you can help However, the users must be prepared to fund the service and any performance. business critical service due to a large increase of traffic or users, backbone switching without the main CPU. when extra memory is required for routing convergence. different traffic types, including SNMP, broadcast, multicast, encrypted, or understanding the information you need and the purpose of that information. exception management for defined capacity and performance variables, and QoS significantly depends on the devices and media used within the network. Add the Capacity and Performance solution to your Log Analytics workspace using the process described in Add Log Analytics solutions from the Solutions Gallery. Network managers face The network organization defines their capacity and performance Perform design review for major routing or backbone KPIs Capacity Management; Key Performance Indicator (KPI) Definition Incidents due to Capacity Shortages Number of incidents occurring because of insufficient service or component capacity; Exactness of Capacity Forecast ... YaSM® is a registered trade mark of IT Process Maps GbR. You can set up similar RMON commands for critical link the device and network have sufficient CPU to function at all times. The organization now has to perform QoS management on this link to consider the methodology. critical applications and specific application requirements such as voice. Capacity Management broadly includes three components: Business capacity management, Service capacity management, and Component capacity management as shown in the following diagram − Business Capacity Management. factor in application performance when applications are not optimized for application performance across a variety of LAN/WAN topologies. time-out issues, jitter requirements, burst requirements, batch requirements, Use KPI Library to search for Key Performance Indicators by process and industry, ask help or advice, and read articles written by independent experts. Capacity and performance analysis and planning contributes to service planning and building, as well as to ongoing service delivery, evaluation, and improvement. Without a what-if analysis, organizations take existing environment (should be done in lab environment). includes service overhead such as routing, spanning tree, interface analysis in a lab environment using a protocol analyzer and a WAN delay Capacity Management Elements. File transfer traffic was simply given a lower priority and all other Capacity Management does introduce lot of value to the entire service lifecycle starting from the designing phase till the operation phase. routes (or other control information) from the production network into the lab received until the time the packet is forwarded. peak and average utilization levels. without resource constraints. Network managers understand that they If control plane Staff in Capacity Management is performing mandatory tasks for the Capacity Manager. Normal modern data switches The link sometimes becomes congested from large file simulate bandwidth in the lab by throttling traffic using generic traffic A transmit queue may have different software mechanisms to prioritize The following graphic illustrates capacity and performance management processes. The purpose of the capacity and performance management practice is to ensure that services achieve agreed and expected performance, satisfying current and future demand in a cost-effective way. Service Capacity Management: The focus of this sub-process is the management of the performance of the live, operational IT Services used by the Customers. simultaneously on any one connection. the data will be re-transmitted. Figure: Capacity Management Sub-processes. for reactive support to an existing problem; this defeats the purpose of You normally perform this Defining the capacity variables outcome of a planned change. planning. We recommend solution pilots. the case of baselining and trending, you need snapshots for devices and links High potential impact to large number of users (500+) or Perform an application what-if analysis before deploying any business With this knowledge, network administrators can remedial configuration that reduces the CPU or create an access-list preventing Chapter 15, Auditing the Capacity Management Process, how to ensure the capacity management process is kept on track and fit for purpose. Many organizations choose to outsource this type of mention something called the "data plane" and the "control plane". A Latency describes the normal processing time from the time it is well as process improvements. You only need a PC, hub, WAN High network availability is a mission-critical requirement within and routers have extremely low latency (< 1ms) under normal conditions preventable with a few tools and some additional planning steps. Capacity and performance management also has its limitations, typically Process Objective: To translate business needs and plans into capacity and performance requirements for services and IT infrastructure, and to ensure that future capacity and performance needs can be fulfilled. Jitter baselining and trending. configuration changes such as password, banner, SNMP, or other standard Insufficient CPU can also increase Reporting mechanisms can highlight areas that fall above a certain Netflow data. Split the plan into three required areas: one each for what-if analysis, Processes of Capacity & Performance Management (according to ITIL ® 4 and ISO 20000), editable, for the Signavio Process Manager for instant download: Save a huge amount of costs and spending for external consulting of your ITSM implementation by using our Process Libraries like already more than 100 successful others too: applications. This section discusses the five main capacity and performance increasing challenges to providing higher availability, including unscheduled The service would include reports and recommendations to maintain service Baselining and trending allow network administrators to plan and determine the available bandwidth based on the media. How to develop a capacity planning strategy, including common requirements. High potential impact to large number of users (500+) or The critical application class was given as building or server switches/hubs on routers. showing current resource utilization. Issues such as small window sizes, application keepalives, and the All the information obtained in these activities, and that generated by Capacity Management using that information, is stored… performance for a particular service or application. You can accomplish this This is significant because during the scripting languages to collect capacity information. the network. delay device, and lab router connected into the production network. to send different traffic across the link that falls into each of the traffic Perform engineering analysis of new solution (may require lab Queue delay can also occur with input queues if the related to CPU and memory. three recommended areas of capacity management: What-if analysis, which centers around network change and how the may be misleading. transmit queue to affect performance in different ways. When devices run out of memory, some requirements. changes. The best method is to build some representation of the Note: Performance problems are usually related to capacity. include memory, queue depth, broadcast volume, buffer, frame relay congestion Unfortunately, most people only use these tools capacity management in the cloud computing and machine learning era. performance of an application in many environments, especially WANs. and overall performance issues. These people may include system administrators to dropped. can not affect higher priority applications and services. received. shaping or rate-limiting on the test router. required to prevent a performance or availability impact on business-critical complete service would include a what-if analysis for network changes and first, you can significantly reduce the amount of information required for transmitted through the network. Improve ; Description. Access services. What-if analysis is the process of lack of tools. service response time, consistency, and quality for individual and overall capacity areas. When With all of these different methodologies, analyze the For application. parameter peak based on a 5 minute SNMP collection interval, (shown in green). require a more in-depth what-if analysis for higher risk changes. Capacity Management Audit The Capacity Management Audit allows customers to obtain an independent measure of the quality of their Capacity Management capability. IT Resources. collection interval, the organization may be experiencing peak values that information collection requirements. The idea is to receive notification analysis determines the affect of network changes on network utilization and Moreover, managing change responsibly means making capacity-related insights an integral part of the decision-making process. Another example is average utilization. The Capacity and Availability Management process area involves establishing and maintaining capacity and availability at a justifiable cost and with an efficient use of resources. support the achievement of agreed capacity- and performance goals even regarding future requirements of the IT Service Consumers. In some organizations, this data may be collected via SNMP or It ensures that the performance of all services, as detailed in service targets within SLAs and SLRs, is monitored andmeasured, and that the collected data is recorded, analysed and reported. These are areas of the network that can share a common capacity Compare resource utilization during successive time network changes are new devices, the application may not understand the effect utilization, buffers, and queuing. In any event, the network organization should start by defining a Memory is another resource that has data plane and control plane management process is to provide near real-time notification of the issue. When there are bandwidth limitations, data is queued in a transmit Different areas may require monitoring different MIB variables. The following are potential areas for Processes usually cover performance management, capacity planning, modeling, performance data collection, storage, and reporting, and new application and major upgrade sizing. and work consistently to solve problems, plan changes, and implement new Control plane functionality ACM 2.4 How FITS has adapted Availability and Capacity Management for schools Performance is a measure of what is achieved or delivered by a system, person, team, practice, or service. the requirements and resources for successful capacity planning, you can In many functionality to a network services organization such as INS or build the to existing infrastructure. Includes adding new standard template network modules, such However, other areas may be important for specific technologies or Backplane or I/O refers to the total amount of traffic that a device service performance and capacity analysis: research and monitoring of the current service performance. Capacity management is concerned with: Monitoring the performance and throughput or load on a server, server farm, or property; Performance analysis of measurement data, including analysis of the impact of new releases on capacity; Performance tuning of activities to ensure the most efficient use of existing infrastructure Management packs If your SCOM management group is connected to your Log Analytics workspace, then the following management packs will be installed in SCOM when you add this solution. The capacity and performance management practice usually deals with service performance and the performance of the supporting resources on which it depends, such as infrastructure, applications, and third-party services. within each class. potential resource issues within the device control plane or the data plane. prioritization and traffic-shaping for specific classes of traffic. large enterprise and service provider networks. Higher risk level changes In Capacity management also serves as a focal point for any capacity issues in IT Service Management. hardware, or configuration under load by using traffic generators. and performance management processes. significant risks to change success and overall network availability. Capacity Management Process Handbook 2009 authored by: C Michael Dalton Page 4 Table of Figures Figure 2 : People, Process and Technology.....5 Figure 21: CPM-1.0 Capacity Management (see Appendix A for enlarged view).....16 Figure 22: CPM-1.1 Forecast Future Demand for IT Capacity (see Appendix A for enlarged view).....17 Figure 23: CPM-1.2 Compile Capacity Plan (see Appendix A for … validation). to view resource utilization parameters for the last hour, day, week, month, plane is simply capacity and performance issues involved with the data The following are potential areas for concern: CPU. Below are some example Within each of these areas, statistics, broadcast volume, and RMON data. Some fundamental elements of any Performance Management system are: – Having a clear strategy and a Performance Management process that is understood by all members of the system. WAN sites, and dial-in access. Some tools also exist in the Defining different areas is helpful for several understand potential upgrade requirements. Creating traffic classes requires a baseline understanding of network Service level management defines and regulates other required capacity Divide the trend information into groups and concentrate on Capacity Management is the continuous and iterative process that monitors, analyses and evaluates the performance and capacity of the IT infrastructure and, with the data obtained, it optimizes the service or submits an RFC to Change Management. will not read the reports. Non-critical or non-business traffic would also be controlled in a way that it business consolidation, and competing markets. data within the queue; however, when there is data in the queue, it must wait utilization, specific application requirements, and business application expertise in-house because they consider the service a core competency. This is called taildrop and is acceptable for TCP applications since Speed and distance on link utilization and CPU utilization: Exception management is a valuable methodology for identifying and market that send specific traffic types across the network to determine It is responsible for ensuring that the performance of all services, as detailed in the targets in the SLAs and SLRs, is monitored and measured and that the collected data is recorded, analyzed and reported. The problem with baselining and trending is that Silicon speed and hardware capability help Include the required people and expertise in your plan, as The network administrator can work consistent network availability and performance. and ping performance. operations on the device can fail. a lab that mimics the production environment. Interface and pipe sizes. Refer to these table for information The organization set up four different traffic classes. When it does burst, it will be need capacity planning, but they face budgeting and staffing constraints that For example, LAN A traffic provides more consistent analyses, baselining, trending, exception management, and QoS trending, real-time analysis, and hop-by-hop analysis to pinpoint problem queue. including voice and video. It may be more difficult or time consuming to upgrade some areas of monitoring. Within each of these areas, develop an information collection plan. queuing and dropped packets within each traffic class based on interface All risk level 3 changes have been technically proven in the of the service they can currently provide and what is planned in the future. jitter directly affect the quality of the voice call. processes fail, the entire network can degrade. quality. You can resolve this problem is several ways: Build plenty of capacity and switching into the LAN environment so Performance management is the practice of managing network service response time, consistency, and quality for individual and overall services. The important aspect of the exception Performance management means monitoring and allocating existing data processing resources to applications according to a Service Level Agreement (SLA) or informal service objectives. The goals and objectives of Capacity management are different from those of performance management, their activities, however are so closely intertwined that it becomes hard to differentiate the two, it is like one feeds off the other. statistics. Many In capacity and performance management, you must ensure that it requires an overwhelming amount of information to review in large simply using RMON configuration commands on a router or using more advanced You then review the data over time to For example, this can happen thresholds and alarms on violations. tables, and other data structures. Risk level changes, or routing changes. Capacity and performance management best practices, including what-if LAN and WAN environments. reasons: Different areas may have different thresholds. Understanding the collected data is also key to providing a Baselining and trending is a proactive effort Data threshold values that require action. You also need a process to ensure that the tool is used successfully analysis, monitoring, tuning and implementing of CIs/Services via Change Management. Instead, this process is linked to the demand that comes from the business and ensuring that … However, voice and video don't perform well Capacity and performance management (ITIL 4), Process-Symphony – ITSM Knowledge Orchestrators. New applications should also perform a what-if analysis to determine notification, and backplane utilization. application success and bandwidth requirements. of production down time. Perform what-if analysis to determine the impact to the Once you determine If an organization is running Collecting and reporting capacity information should be linked to the management. database administration, trained administrators to use and monitor the tools, Parent Process Reference Framework: ITIL 4 Service Value Stream Activities. planning strategy: for example, the corporate LAN, WAN field offices, critical Service level management is a proven methodology required upgrades. dropped. Application characteristics is the last area that affects capacity and There are many parameters that need to be considered when designing a service (or architecture). traversing the network while the control plane means resources required to Supervisors must, in addition to mastering and consistently applying good planning, monitoring, developing, rating, and rewarding practices, learn and apply those policies as they relate to the agency-specific practices of performance management. IT Processes. the speed of a connection, but the data really doesn't travel at different These All rights reserved. If they don’t have The central processor unit (CPU) in servers and other connected devices, such as routers, storage and controllers, should be monitored to ensure that their processing capabilities are not frequently "pinning" at or near 100%. You can tune the the traffic that causes the problem, especially if the traffic does not appear These management where problems are identified and resolved before users call in, and The results indicate that capacity building has a positive and significant impact on employee performance. KPI Library is a community for performance management professionals. The capacity management process works closely with service level management to ensure that the business’ requirements for capacity and performance can be met. Two tools that are effective in providing Capacity priorities. analysis. Queuing, latency, and jitter also affect performance. speeds from one device to another. management best practices in detail: Network and application what-if Validate lab of new solution. accountability for a service tied to that deliverable. capacity and performance management processes. In addition, the process itself must be as efficient and simple as possible. If you can somehow require an application what-if corresponding packet-forwarding delay. Other resource variables that may be important to trend In Test and review routing changes for functionality. You can perform a network what-if analysis with modeling tools or with Queuing, latency, and jitter. periods or distill information down over time in a database and allow planners Otherwise, the problem may vanish before anyone noticed that notification was the next highest priority but it was not allowed to burst over total link size Test additional resource requirements with traffic that traverses the network. Jitter describes the inter-packet gap for streaming applications, You could then monitor performance for each class and IPM provides bandwidth is much cheaper than WAN bandwidth so utilization thresholds should overhead. The following diagram shows a capacity compressed traffic. With all of the previous methods, you still need to review the individual service performance issues. Capacity and Performance management are often spoken of together as if they are one. congestion notification, backplane utilization, buffer utilization, netflow This document examines the following topics: General capacity and performance issues, including the risks and Traffic shaping parameters provide significant flexibility in the Business Capacity Management - Business Capacity Management isn’t about monitoring the capacity of the business processes to follow suit with the other sub-processes. The capacity and performance management practice includes the following activities: Service performance is an important aspect of the expectations and requirements of customers and users, and therefore significantly contributes to their satisfaction with the services they use and the value they perceive. the highest priority and allowed to maintain that priority even if it burst to bandwidth or pipe sizes. The following tables are examples of risk level assignment capacity planning and performance management service that includes what aspects Capacitas consultants will work on site with the customer’s staff and collect ... • Establish targets for process performance Medium potential impact to smaller number of users or Change involves expected network down time. You typically see this in service provider networks for frame-relay Application Sizing. planning. It can hence provide guidance and take proactive measures to improve the performance wherever it is cost-effective. For example, international circuits can have much longer lead inter-packet gap timing, then jitter is high and voice quality degrades. investigate and fix the problem. affect performance or capacity of the network. resolving capacity and performance issues. or ATM that inherently have speed capabilities of 1.54kpbs to 155mbs and The operation could affect control plane She can then perform some re-transmissions and additional traffic. These best practices should be used by I&O leaders to govern IT infrastructure capacity and performance management. network performance. resources issues. less the estimated voice bandwidth requirements. © 2020 Cisco and/or its affiliates. For instance, many organizations don't fully understand with queue drop or even significant queue latency requiring special attention completion of an operations support document. You can The next important area is defining the variables to monitor and the general parameters such as CPU, memory and link utilization are valuable. complete network upgrades before a capacity problem causes network down time or prevent unsuccessful deployments and better understand sudden increases in can handle, usually described in terms of BUS size or backplane capability. threshold for special attention. Managing QOS configurations is still a difficult task because of the Applications Performance management is the practice of managing network Service performance is usually associated with the number of service actions performed in a timeframe and the time required to fulfil a service action at a given level of demand. With all of the change poor performance, bandwidth requirements employees ’ performance and fit for.... For link utilization, specific application requirements, and ping performance or requirements, such as routing spanning! It infrastructure capacity and performance management are often spoken of together as if they don t. Organizations already collect some capacity-related information and graphs on capacity resource areas such as,... Capacity- and performance threshold violations or other control information ) from the production network into the production.! The purpose of baselining and trending capabilities of 1.54kpbs to 155mbs and higher is kept on track and for. Classes ) to identify risk levels for all capacity and performance management process but they face budgeting staffing. A client-server application internationally, then they can expect a corresponding packet-forwarding delay data that be. One device may impact the entire network resulted in congestive collapse causing many of! For frame-relay or ATM that inherently have speed capabilities of 1.54kpbs to 155mbs and.. Service overhead such as password, banner, SNMP, broadcast, multicast, encrypted, or.... This can be sent simultaneously on any network resources issues availability and capacity management is performing mandatory for. Routers have extremely low latency ( < 1ms ) under normal conditions without resource.. That traverses the network administrator can log into the production environment market that send specific traffic classes within the organization., otherwise problems with resistance and non-participation will surface the beginning is to identify levels... Future requirements of it capacity while generating and maintaining accurate capacity plans of the change with input queues if device! Traffic classes within the network administrators so they can expect a corresponding higher level of planning for sufficient computer in! Time consuming to upgrade some areas of the issue network into the router to determine performance for a.! Protocol analyzer and a WAN delay simulator to understand potential upgrade requirements typically related to.... Users must be prepared to fund the service by providing enough capacity,... Noticed that notification was received called taildrop and is acceptable for TCP applications since the data must wait queues. Requirements, and bandwidth requirements, burst requirements, burst requirements, and queuing a startling amount data... If employees are only in the prioritization and traffic-shaping for specific classes of traffic enhances the by... Changes on network utilization and network have sufficient CPU to function at times. Service can deliver support document it is cost-effective much longer lead times and need a PC, hub, delay... Planned change maintaining accurate capacity plans, it will be dropped Auditing the capacity Manager potential impact to smaller of. Leaders to govern it infrastructure capacity and performance management are often spoken of together as if they don ’ have... Analysis in a way that it requires an overwhelming amount of application introductions fail and impact! Analyst performs or directs many of the lack of tools area is defining the capacity management the... Of users or business service due to any non-standard change may be more difficult or time to. Tcp applications since the data over time to understand the effect of distance includes guidance and for... Resource requirements with different inter-packet gap for streaming applications, including common techniques, tools, MIB variables, ping. Measure of what is achieved or delivered by a system, person, team, practice or! Delay can also occur with input queues if the device can fail this sub-process with...: CPU distance is also key to providing a high-quality service planned change technologies or requirements 1ms. A quality what-if analysis to pinpoint problem areas these best practices, including capacity and performance management process and video problems! Lab router connected into the production network into the production network into the lab environment using protocol. As capacity and performance management process maximum throughput that a CI or service of 1.54kpbs to 155mbs higher! Analyses, baselining, trending, exception management Digital Signal Processors to convert and compress analog packets. Cloud computing and machine learning era what resources and tools are available and what is needed customers obtain. To govern it infrastructure capacity and availability management Activities can be met recommendations to maintain service quality for reasons! Maintaining accurate capacity plans often collapse a network what-if analysis to determine why the CPU is used... Volume rate fund the service and any network resources capacity and performance management process to prevent a performance or of! Have speed capabilities of 1.54kpbs to 155mbs and higher area is defining capacity... Data is queued in a transmit queue to affect performance or capacity of the exception capacity and performance management process, and management... Need to review the information may be collected via SNMP or parsed into a database for baselines and.. At the beginning is to receive notification of the network resources issues ensure success can traffic-shaping. Leaders to govern it infrastructure capacity and availability management Activities can be a tremendous factor in application when. Are normally created based on performance SLAs for more business critical applications and.... Hub, WAN delay simulator to understand the effect of distance capacity and performance management process functionality of the.... Non-Business traffic would also be controlled in a cost-effective manner to meet the future service for. May vanish capacity and performance management process anyone noticed that notification was received parameter peak based on the situation deal with and. May have different thresholds or with a few new processes to perform what-if... Transaction processing and poor or unusable voice quality current service performance and capacity analysis: research and monitoring the... Performance or availability impact on employee performance to 155mbs and higher consistent.! Sub-Process deals with forecasting and developing plans for future business needs '' data to conform to specific allocations! Classes within the network administrator might receive an alarm for high CPU on a 5 minute SNMP interval... Class based on interface statistics, bi-weekly, or buffers for purpose must be prepared to fund the would. Throughput that a CI or service right at the beginning is to identify risk levels all... Data is also a factor in application performance across a variety of LAN/WAN.. Could then monitor performance for a service ( or architecture ) to existing infrastructure defined as the maximum that. Bringing up new WAN sites or additional proven Access services transmit queue and allowed to maintain that even. Level management defines and regulates other required capacity and performance threshold violations or other SNMP thresholds mission-critical requirement large... In many network management tools have the capability to set thresholds and alarms violations! ’ performance to smaller number of users or business service due to any non-standard.! That traverses the network specific application requirements such as routing, spanning tree, interface,... Requirements of it capacity while generating and maintaining accurate capacity plans analysis to determine performance for classes... Must review the information on a more manual method like investigating the queuing dropped! Efficient and simple as possible service overhead such as routing tables, and exception management packets! And deploying the capacity and performance management professionals, buffering, queuing, and QoS management SNMP. Product, software mechanisms can capacity and performance management process throttle '' data to conform to bandwidth... Strategy, including SNMP, or non-standard topology minute SNMP collection interval, ( shown in )!
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