It's usually a comma splice problem. More Examples of Parallel Structure. I would rather workÂ for my moneyÂ than receive financial help. Parallel. Parallelism (Parallel Structure) is a grammatical concept refers to repetition of two or more parts of a sentence take the same grammatical form. Correct: My parents did not approve of what I did nor what I said. Parallel Structure in a Sentence or Phrase . When you draw comparisons in a form of a list, it’s important to use a parallel structure. 2. In English grammar, parallelism (also called parallel structure or parallel construction) is the repetition of the same grammatical form in two or more parts of a sentence. Understanding Parallel Structure Parallel structure (also called parallelism) is the repetition of a chosen grammatical form within a sentence. My motherÂ said to get a loyalÂ partnerÂ and do not settle for less. and its green is quite profound. The vineyards of Napa Valley are at once breathlessly vibrant, symmetrical, and the green is profound. 3. I want to buyÂ both a new phoneÂ and a new wardrobe. Why? The criminal wasÂ wanted by the policeÂ dead or alive. Make sure the structure joined with the first word mirrors the structure joined with the second word. 4. The basic parallel structure rule is that the things in a list should be in the same grammatical form. 100,000+ Designs, Documents Templates in PDF, Word, Excel, PSD, Google Docs, PowerPoint, InDesign, Apple Pages, Google Sheets, Publisher, Apple Numbers, Illustrator, Keynote. Published on May 2, 2019 by Amy Luo. under blow dryers, and fluffed up with brushes. Don’t overdo it. In correct parallel structure, all the items in a sentence should be in the same form, regardless of whether they are words, phrases, or clauses. Flashcards. A) In preparation for the gala, I need to buy a cocktail dress, pick out shoes, and to get, B) In preparation for the gala, I need to buy a cocktail dress, to pick out shoes, and to, 3- In the following pairs, one sentence has parallel structure, and the, A. 205+18 sentence examples: 1. Parallel structure can be observed in many forms of writing. In the following examples, note the difference between correct parallel structure and faulty parallelism. The example from above was a parallel structure list sentence. What exactly is parallel structure? In the second In English grammar, parallelism (also called parallel structure or parallel construction) is the repetition of the same grammatical form in two or more parts of a sentence. Like train tracks being the same gauge makes transporting go… Was the second sentence a smoother read than the first? He’s working hard while earning lots of money. By making each compared item or idea in your sentence follow the same grammatical pattern, you create a parallel construction. Draw a pair of parallel lines. Link to Exercise 1 . I am neither a supervisorÂ nor a manager. A parallel structure, also known as parallelism, refers to a grammatical construction having two or more words, phrases or clauses that are identical in form or length. Like how train tracks of the same gauge make operations easier, a parallel structure allows us to understand the given message of a sentence with ease. is a sentence. Gravity. Before the dog show, the dogs were washed with shampoo, dried under blow. By using parallel structure, the writer indicates that all of the items in the list are of equal importance. (Simms, Aug. 2014: this one is a bit cumbersome for quizzing, but the material is good.) You may also see negative sentence. Spell. The famous quote of Julius Caesar is good example of why parallelism is so powerful. You might have applied a parallel structure numerous times before, but have never given it much thought. Using the same pattern of words allows readers to know that the ideas given are of equal importance. To understand the concept of parallelism, imagine a train as a means of transportation from one place to another. You may also see examples of onomatopoeia in sentences. Many people like riding, hiking, biking, and swimming. Such parallel structures can also be found in the Bible and other literary works. hair cut and styled. Sam’s roommate is a phrase, and he was his best friend using the same pattern of words for two or more words or ideas in a sentence 4. You may also check out complete and incomplete sentences examples.That being said, here are some everyday examples of a parallel structure: 1. During the party, the ice sculpture was _melting_ and _shrinking_ . Why? Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Before the dog show, the dogs were washed with shampoo, dried under blow, B. To correct this, refer to the revisions below: JeffreyÂ likes biking, attending the rodeo, and eating midnight snacks.ORJeffrey likes to bike, to attend the rodeo, and to eatÂ midnightÂ snacks.OREllen likes to bike, attend the rodeo, and eatÂ midnightÂ snacks. 3. John Taylor Gatto criticizes public schools because they are compulsory, funded by the government, and destroy students’ humanity. Generally, in list questions, three things are listed and you have to ensure that all the items in the list are in the same grammatical form. Examples of parallel structure abound in good writing. Let us apply what we have discussed so far by studying the following examples: JeffreyÂ likes biking, the rodeo, and to eat midnightÂ snacks. The correct use of parallel helps to improve writing style and easiness to read and can help with processing what sentences mean. On your desk, you will find the following: a pen, a paper, and a notebook. Search. Parallel ideas, that is, ideas being compared (APA 3.09), coordinated (APA 3.23), listed (APA 3.04), or presented as stubs in a table (APA 5.13), must be expressed using parallel grammatical forms.In other words, the ideas need to have a similar grammatical structure (e.g., adjectives with adjectives, verbs with verbs, nouns with nouns, and so on). You may reach meÂ by calling, texting or e-mailing. Parallel/Balanced Sentence Structure: Definition: Using the same pattern of words in similar, or parallel, forms; Examples: Mary likes hiking, swimming, and bicycling. A cluster of amplifiers spread the theme of love over everything and everybody; the mild breeze spread the dust over everything and everybody. Answer: Here are three versions, all of which are in parallel structure but use a different form. Janet likes to watch movies, reading books and cook. Have you ever read a book or an article containing sentences that are complex in form? Enough with Adjectives, Adverbs and Nouns, CLAUSES OF CONCESSION : DESPITE / IN SPITE OF / ALTHOUGH, ILLOGICAL PARTICIPIAL MODIFIERS (DANGLING PARTICIPLES), Transformation Of Direct And Inderect Objects, Fun Activities for Kids and Families to Pass the Time Indoors. 7. Example - Parallel: I like to run (infinitive), to swim (infinitive), and to surf (infinitive). Answer A is incorrect. TheÂ students are expected to do their projectsÂ quickly and efficiently. 2. The cat runs across the garden, jumps over to the plant, and moves down the road. Parallelism is a similarity of grammatical form for similar elements of meaning within a sentence or among sentences. Possible Answers: and the green is profound. sentence is not parallel. (John F. Kennedy) "We have seen the state of our Union in the endurance of rescuers, working past exhaustion. AngelaÂ wanted to make sure that I made my presentation clearly, creatively, and persuasively. Parallelism should be observed when connecting phrases or clauses with words of comparison (than, as, etc.). Before the dog show, the dogs were washed with shampoo, dried Example #1 Example #2 Click on the link below to complete an exercise on parallelism with coordinate conjunctions. Incorrect: The following activities can be done at the mall: buying groceries, eating lunch and bill payment. They are important for any kind of writing and speaking in order to maintain coherency. âThe wheels wheeled, the chairs spun, the cotton candy tinted the faces of children, the bright leaves tinted the woods and hills. It emphasizes on the same level of importance of multiple ideas or information given in the same sentence. Your writing will be clearer if the ideas within each sentence are written in a similar way. A parallel structure that begins with clauses must keep on with clauses. Not only does it giveÂ balance to the author’s writing, but it also adds grace to each passage. Additional examples of parallel sentence structure include the following: Mother was very busy gathering the laundry, dusting the furniture, and washing the dishes. Parallel ideas, that is, ideas being compared (APA 3.09), coordinated (APA 3.23), listed (APA 3.04), or presented as stubs in a table (APA 5.13), must be expressed using parallel grammatical forms.In other words, the ideas need to have a similar grammatical structure (e.g., adjectives with adjectives, verbs with verbs, nouns with nouns, and so on). This is called parallel, or similar form. b) Of all desserts, I prefer cake, pie, and chocolate-dipped strawberries. These structures are repetitions that offer an enjoyable time for the readers to absorb and understand ideas, facts, and concepts. Compare the two following sentences: Yara loves running, to swim, and biking. c) The best way to impress a woman is to make eye contact, ask her questions about her interests, and tell funny jokes. Parallel structure involves using the same pattern of words or the same voice in a list of items or ideas. Parallel Structure. Examples of parallel words Examples of parallel phrases Examples of parallel clauses The examples below show how to repair faulty parallelism. Phrases or clauses that are connected with either a coordinating conjunction (for, and, nor, but, or, yet or so) or a correlative conjunction (not onlyâ¦but also, eitherâ¦or, neitherâ¦nor, if…then, etc.) More Examples of Parallel Structure. pie, and strawberries are all nouns, so the sentence is parallel. dipping strawberries in chocolate is a phrase, so the sentence Create. Correct: Please place the leftover chicken on the counter or in the refrigerator.Parallel Examples with Clauses: 1. -, 11+ Examples of Commonly Used Prepositions. Correct : b) My dog is the best pet because she knows many tricks, she listens to me, and she is pretty Example #1 Janet likes watching movies, reading books, and cooking. Faulty parallelism can ruin a sentence … But first, a definition. 5. Parallel structure is important in both sentences and phrases. Using parallel structure in writing. Parallel Structure in Sentences Parallelism is the idea that parts of a sentence such as items in a series should be phrased in the same grammatical way. 1. My husbandÂ took me to a dance and a play. Revised on January 16, 2020. The rhythmic pattern of words enhances readability, making it easier for readers to identify the relation of ideas. If you’re traveling to Canada from the U.S. in a train, then the train tracks of both countries must be of the same gauge (width); otherwise, goods would have to be transferred to another train when it reaches the border. Using parallel structure shows that the words or ideas have the same level of importance and makes the sentence easier to understand. is pretty are all independent clauses, so the overall sentence is parallel. Parallel. Example 2: Incorrect: The students were unprepared, poorly behaved, and disrupted the class. The usual way to join parallel structures is with the use of coordinating conjunctions such as "and" or "or." You may also see sentence fragment. The following examples show how parallel structures function in simple sentences and compound sentences: Parallel structures in sentences greatly influence one’s writing. Created by. The parallel lines appear to His favorite foods are chocolate, chips, and soft drinks. Be especially vigilant in the following situations. To is used in the first phrase and the third phrase, so to should also be used in the second phrase. To is used in the first phrase and the third phrase, Parallelism helps a writer craft compositions that are structurally and grammatically correct. Another example of non-parallel structure: According to Kolb (1984), experiential learning consists of having an experience, reflecting on that experience, learning from it and plan changes for the future. You must either grant her request or gain her disapproval. A common parallelism mistake is mixing gerunds with infinitives. Correct: The following activities can be done at the mall: buying groceries, eating lunch, and paying bills. The rule of parallel construction forbids the joining of a verb with a noun. If two or more ideas are parallel, they should be expressed in parallel grammatical form. For example, what do you suggest be done in the case of sentences such as: … The rule of parallel construction forbids the joining of a verb with a noun. In the above sentence, you can see that the conjunction “and” is used … Why? Use Logic to Determine Structure In some instances, you must figure out which parts of the sentence are parallel in meaning before making them parallel in structure. ( Chocolate-dipped modifies the noun strawberries. Why? My face is washed, my hair is combed, and my teeth are brushed. What exactly is parallel structure? I think that may be worth covering in a future post. You may also see the run-on sentence. Surprisingly, this is a common error in writing that can causeÂ confusion among readers. Examples of parallel words Examples of parallel phrases Examples of parallel clauses The examples below show how to repair faulty parallelism. B) In preparation for You may also like exclamatory sentence examples. Yara loves running, swimming, and biking. Make sure the structure joined with the first word mirrors the structure joined with the second word. If two or more ideas are parallel, they should be expressed in parallel grammatical form. Parallelism makes form follow meaning. With the -ing form (gerund) of words: In the second example, the three words cake, Correct : B) Bob was not only Sam’s roommate but also his best friend. Next morning, in the Lafayette Hotel in Portland, I went down to breakfast and found May Craig looking solemn at one of the tables and Mr. Murray, the auctioneer, looking cheerful at another.â You may also see transitional phrases and sentences. An example: Wrong: The coach neither wanted to lose nor to tie. Parallelism often appears with verb forms. Parallel Structure examples. Use Logic to Determine Structure In some instances, you must figure out which parts of the sentence are parallel in meaning before making them parallel in structure. In the second she knows many tricks, she listens to me, and she Parallel structure is when you use the same grammatical structure to show that ideas are related and have the same level of importance. You need to move swiftly and quietly. Use parallel structure with elements in lists or in a series. Learn. When you are using conjunctions with parallel structures, you would have to join multiple nouns and verbs.Whenever you see conjunction in the sentence, ensure that you need to use a parallel structure. Bad grammar weakens good writing, but some bad writing is grammatically flawless. 5. Because it’s easier to understand a sentence that doesn’t “change course” midstream. 3. The items in the list above include biking, the rodeo, and to eat. Answer A is incorrect. Generally, in list questions, three things are listed and you have to ensure that all the items in the list are in the same grammatical form. You must either grant her request or gain her disapproval. He likes television shows that have deep characters, interesting stories, and good actors. Correct: In your bedroom, you will find the following: a bed, a closet, and a desk. In this particular lesson we'll look at parallel words and phrases. The manager told the employees that they need to come to work on time, that they need to manage their workload, and that they need to attend important meetings. To be truly happy in life, you need to let go of past mistakes and to make mindful decisions. The easiest place to see parallel structure is in a list. Remember that there are many ways to revise a sentence to reflect parallel structure; if possible, rewrite each incorrect sentence in more than one way. This example does not exhibit parallelism because of the grammatical formation of things Jeffrey likes to do is not similar. Parallel structure refers to same word pattern within a sentence by repeating a chosen grammatical form. When a train from the U.S. passes into Canada, something incredible happens: the tracks in Canada are the same width (gauge) as the train tracks in the U.S. Obviously, this makes sense, since Canada is the United States' biggest trading partner. AlexÂ enjoys television shows that have oddÂ characters, interesting plots,Â and talentedÂ actors. is not parallel. The first uses the "ing" verb, the second uses a present tense verb form, and the third uses the infinitive "to" form of the verb. 1. Parallel structure in a sentence should be used when you connect clauses with a coordinating conjunction such as: for, and, nor, or, but, so, or yet. Incorrect: My parents did not approve of my actions or what I said. must follow a parallel structure. Apart from everyday speech, parallel structures are also apparent in various forms of literature, such as short stories, famous novels, and other narratives. Because it’s easier to understand a sentence that doesn’t “change course” midstream. a) Our class discussion was engaging, informative, and interesting. Some helpful hints on how to revise sentences for parallel structure: Nouns should be parallel with nouns, participles with participles, gerunds with gerunds, infinitives with infinitives, clauses with clauses, and so on. Browse. b) The best way to impress a woman is to make eye contact, to ask her questions about her interests, and to tell funny jokes. This sentence is non-parallel because the PHRASES COMPARED are non-parallel. are all adjectives, so the sentence is parallel. It’s simply the practice of using the same structures or forms multiple times: making sure the parts are parallel to each other. Upgrade to remove ads. Parallel Structure Parallelism is a similarity of grammatical form for similar elements of meaning within a sentence or among sentences. Jeffrey TaylorÂ criticizes the music industryÂ because they are thieves, advantageous, and controlling.ORJeffrey Taylor criticizes the music industry because they stealÂ from hardworking performers, take advantage of aspiring individuals, and control the works of artists. NOT … Obviously there is a lot more rewriting we could do here, but creating some parallel structure is a decent start. I would rather eat vegetablesÂ than to eat fish. Parallel structure is essential to accurate grammatical structure, as it improves coherence and consistency. to pick out shoes, and to get my hair cut and styled. The same grammatical structure of parts within a sentence or of sentences within a paragraph. In the first sentence, she knows tricks and she listens to are independent clauses, but is pretty is not; Log in Sign up. a) The best way to impress a woman is to make eye contact, ask her questions about her interests, and to tell funny jokes. Let's take a look at a basic example of a sentence that uses parallel structure. Why? 2. Parallel structure can be applied to a single sentence, a paragraph, or even multiple paragraphs. On weekends, I enjoy going to the beach, cuddling up with a good book, and hot chocolate by the fire. Example Question #1 : Correcting Parallel Structure Errors. Correct: The students were underprepared, poorly behaved, and disruptive. Mixing verb forms sounds unnatural to native English speakers and affects the readability of a sentence. Bellevue Community College has this page; ignore the long white spaces. As a kid, my sister would neither _eat her vegetables_ nor _clean her room_. Use parallel structure with elements in lists or in a series. Compare the two following sentences: Yara loves running, to swim, and biking. Single words should be balanced with single words, phrases with phrases, clauses with clauses. Correct : a) Our class discussion was engaging, informative, and interesting. That’s because parallel structures often come to us naturally when we communicate with others. If a sentence is short, or the tone is more casual, you can cut back on the parallel elements: She not only bought me a coffee, but also a cookie. In addition, parallelism can also synchronize and emphasize a writer’s words and thoughts accordingly. Link to Exercise 1 . Some say it is better _to plan for tomorrow_ than _to live for today_. I would rather go to the partyÂ than home. Stamp collecting and coin collecting are parallel hobbies. It’s simply the practice of using the same structures or forms multiple times: making sure the parts are parallel to each other. therefore, the sentence is not parallel. Correct the sentences so that they contain parallel structures. This type of consistency is ideal for both commercial advertising and professional writing because of how it guides writers and their respective audience in understanding a piece. 1. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. This is another sentence that contains a parallel structure error: Sonia is known for her independence, her honesty, and being intelligent. The paragraph above shows parallelism in each complete sentence. Correct : A. Parallel words and phrases: 1. I am votingÂ for Derek because he is smart, caring, diligent and hardworking. When it comes to forming a sentence, there are some things that one should put in mind to get the desired response. Write. STUDY. But first, a definition. Do you know how to use this? To enhance your writing abilities, it’s important to practice parallelism in sentence construction. As usual, OWLEnglish has a great parallel structure handout. a) Of all desserts, I prefer cake, pie, and dipping strawberries in chocolate. My corgiÂ not only likes to play fetch, but he also likes to takeÂ baths.ORMy corgiÂ likes not only to play fetch but also to chase cars. – The first infinitiveÂ toÂ may be carried over for all the verbs listed. Proverbs , for example, provide a simple way to grasp the concept of parallel structure. about parallel structure in general. with shampoo and dried under blow dryers are verbs and prepositional phrases. Now, the list has parallel elements ("underprepared," "behaved," and "disruptive" are all adjectives). An example: Wrong: The coach neither wanted to lose nor to tie. Determine if the example uses parallel structure correctly; if not, correct the example. Parallel structure means using the same pattern of words to show that two or more ideas have the same level of importance. 2. 1. When your sentence includes a series, make sure you have not used different grammatical structures for the items. Parallelism, or parallel structure, is a way of providing balance to sentences or clauses by using a similar grammatical structure. This can happen at the word, phrase, or clause level. If both countries didn't have the same gauge, goods would have to be moved to another train at the border, slowing everything down. Changing to another pattern or changing the voice of the verb (from active to passive or vice versa) will break the parallelism.Example 1Example 2 Phrases and clauses need to be parallel.Parallel Examples with Phrases: 1. 2. 8. If you are making lists or comparing items in a sentence, parallel structure must be used, otherwise, you will confuse your reader. the gala, I need to buy a cocktail dress, to pick out shoes, and to get my Janet likes to watch movies, read books, and cook. Linking by correlative conjunctions (either…or, neither…nor, not only…but also, not…but). Parallel Structure. White. I would rather go to the party than stay at home. 'Louise will swim, bike, and run this weekend at her triathlon.' The managerÂ told the employeesÂ that they need to come to work on time, that they need to manage their workload, and that they need to attend important meetings. Parallel structure can be applied to a single sentence, a paragraph, or even multiple paragraphs. Either _give me a refund_ or _give me store credit_. A failure to create grammatically parallel structures when they are appropriate is referred to as faulty parallelism. He came, he saw, and he conquered. It’s not just what you want, but it’s also what you need. Their new teacher was neither a Catholic, nor an Anglican. The clothesÂ are washed, the dishes are cleaned, and the dogs are walked. Washed Blueberries are not only _delicious_ but also _rich in antioxidants_. By making each compared item or idea in your sentence follow the same grammatical pattern, you create a parallel construction. The term parallel structure (also known as parallelism) refers to the use of identical grammatical forms in succession. In this sentence, you can see that the word or conjunction ”while” is used to connect the parallel verb form – working and eating. The highway runs parallel with the railway. b) Our class discussion was engaging, informative, and should have been longer. In the following question, please choose the best sentence improvement.
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