“The temporal oddball effect and related phenomena: cognitive mechanisms and experimental approaches,” in The Illusions of Time: Philosophical and Psychological Essays on Timing and Time Perception, eds V. Arstila, A. Bardon, S. E. Power, and A. Vatakis (Cham: Springer Nature Switzerland), 71–89. Patterns of grade retention in N.S.W. The independence and interdependence of each verbal system of two languages were discussed. Trans. The datasets generated for this study are available on request to the corresponding authors. No significant difference in PSEs between the first- and second-character repetitions was found (mean differences: 8 ms, corrected p = 0.224). Concerning the effect of constituent character repetition in duration judgment when the standard–comparison pair shared a common character, we found disparate results for words and pseudowords. In general, these phenomena are called the direct priming effect or the repetition priming effect. We applied the same statistical methods to analyze the JNDs across the experimental conditions; nonetheless, the results failed to show any statistically significant effect, Greenhouse–Geisser correction, F(1.957, 37.175) = 0.28, p = 0.84, ηp2 = 0.015. 8:1915. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2017.01915, Tenpenny, P. L. (1995). Cogn. repetition effect was observed in the 2nd and 3rd epoch but not in the 1st epoch. Moreover, we revealed that when the standard and comparison stimuli shared a constituent character at the first or second position, there was a repetition compression for pseudowords; however, it was reduced in relation to the whole pseudoword repetition. This process may skip the temporal pulses otherwise accounted for, thus shortening the subjective duration of the unexpected stimulus (Zakay and Block, 1997; Ulrich and Bausenhart, 2019). (2004) found that an oddball stimulus (e.g., expanding disk) embedded in a train of repeated stimuli (e.g., black stationary disk) was perceived as longer than the repeated ones. 1977; Dechêne et al. x�+���4Pp�� We suggest this outcome indicates that pseudowords are processed at the component level whereas words are processed holistically in a duration judgment task. 38 0 obj <> endobj Um Ihnen die Wahl des perfektes Produktes ein klein wenig leichter zu machen, haben unsere Produkttester schließlich den Sieger ausgesucht, welcher ohne Zweifel von allen Psychology repetition effects stark auffällig ist - insbesondere im Faktor Preis-Leistungs-Verhältnis. Finally, the onset of a question mark (“?”) indicated that the participant should respond by pressing the left-arrow key if they perceived the duration of the comparison stimulus as being shorter than that of the standard stimulus, or the right-arrow key if they thought the comparison duration was longer. These can be subdivided into two main theoretical approaches (Matthews et al., 2014; Matthews and Gheorghiu, 2016; Ulrich and Bausenhart, 2019). The experimental conditions of Experiment 2b were identical to those of Experiment 2a, except that the stimuli used for duration judgment were pseudowords. As a result, word pairs sharing one constituent character evoke prediction errors similar to that evoked during the judgment of novel word pairs. Repetition as an outcome/ in the service of the death instinct - a compulsive return, a fixation. In the same vein, it is improbable that the present results reflect a decision bias. primary schools. Importantly, and central to this study is that prior experience has also been shown to influence a range of temporal judgment tasks, where the presentation of a stimulus is usually perceived as shorter in duration when it is a repeat of the preceding item (Matthews, 2011; Birngruber et al., 2015; Matthews and Gheorghiu, 2016). doi: 10.1037/xge0000041, Matthews, W. J., and Gheorghiu, A. I. doi: 10.1163/156856897X00357, Cai, M., Eagleman, D. M., and Ma, W. (2015).
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