Insectivorous, probably taking a wide range of species carried aloft as ‘aerial plankton’. They are the fastest flying bird in flapping flight, reaching a speed of 105 mph. What is the speed in km/h? Preferred breeding grounds are found in the rocky hillsides of central Asia and southern Siberia. White-Throated Needletail (105 mph) White-throated Needletail flying over northern Australia. (Ed.). The white-throated needletail (Hirundapus caudacutus), also known as needle-tailed swift or spine-tailed swift, is a large swift in the genus Hirundapus. Flies higher than most other swifts during migration, often circling over mountaintops and valleys with kettles of migrating birds of prey. The Office of Environment and Heritage has identified 0 priority actions to help recover the White-throated Needletail in New South Wales. At a maximum speed of 105 mph, white-throated needletail is the fastest bird in flapping flight. Authors. Heather, B.; Robertson, H. 1996. White-throated Needletail: Three to six white eggs are laid in a nest made of various materials, glued together with saliva, and built in a hollow or similar crevice high in a tall conifer. Proceeding of the Royal Society B 279: 3114-3120. Aug 3, 2016 - White-throated Needletail, Spine-tailed or Needle-tailed Swift - central Asia and southern Siberia, wintering in the Indian sub-continent, SE Asia and … Unlock thousands of full-length species accounts and hundreds of bird family overviews when you subscribe to Birds of the World. Fork-tailed swift is all dark except for a pale throat and a white band across the rump and has a deeply forked tail. 1943. In Miskelly, C.M. The White-throated Needletail may also be called the Needle-tailed Swift or Spin-tailed Swift. White-throated needletail is a large swift found in the rocky hills of Siberia and Asia. 5.1-5.100 in Podulka, S.; Rohrbaugh, R.W. Handbook of birds of the world. Foraging and Feeding. Higgins, P.J. Proceeding of the Royal Society B 279: 3114-3120. Pp. ; Kysrer, K.; Michelutti, N.; Reudink, M.; Smol, J.P. 2012. The bird is short-legged and uses the legs to cling to a vertical surface. Find the magnitude and direction of a displacement vector that has x component-24.0 m and y component -11.0 m. Choose the positive x direction as east and choose the positive y direction as north 3. Second edn. A herd of White-throated Needletail. The sharp ‘needle’ projections on the tail feathers can usually only be seen when the bird is in the hand. It is the fastest-flying bird in flapping flight, with confirmed speeds reaching 111.6 km/h (69.3 mph). McCaskill, L.W. The White-throated Needletail feeds on flying insects, such as termites, ants, beetles and flies. N.Z. Its breeding habitat is freshwater lakes and rivers across northern North America, Greenland, Europe and Asia. in open farmland with scattered trees. Pp. A large, powerful swift, usually seen flying above montane forests. The White Throated Needletail, also called the Spine Tailed Swift or the Needle Tailed Swift, is the fastest bird when powered flight is considered, clocking in at an amazing 106mph! In Miskelly, C.M. At close range, grayish (rather than white) throat patch and a smaller, duller pale patch on the back are distinctive. White-throated needletail. A powerful-looking swift with long saber-shaped wings and a bullet-shaped body. The white-throated needletail can move at speeds up to 47.0 m/s in level flight. Most white-throated needletails occur in Australia between October and April, which is when most New Zealand records have occurred. A dark-plumaged, cigar-shaped bird with a distinctive white throat, a white horseshoe mark under the tail, and a pale greyish patch in the centre of the back. A dark-plumaged cigar-shaped bird with a distinctive white throat, a white horseshoe mark under the tail, and a pale greyish patch in the centre of the back. Melville, D.S. It is commonly reputed to reach velocities of up to 170 km/h (105 mph), though this has not been verified. Preferred breeding grounds are found in the rocky hillsides of central Asia and southern Siberia. The White-throated Needletail (Hirundapus caudacutus), also known as Needle-tailed Swift or Spine-tailed Swift, is a large swift. Injured adult held in the hand, anxiety or distress calls. ; Finity, L.K. www.nzbirdsonline.org.nz Pictures of White-throated needletail and many more. The fastest animals in the world may endeavor through air, water, or land. (Browse free accounts on the home page.). 1999. (Eds.). They are reported to be the fastest flying bird, travelling at 170 kph – one source even suggesting that they can attain 349 kph in straight flight! Handbook of bird biology. ; Beresford, D.V. www.nzbirdsonline.org.nz, Similar species: Welcome swallow, Fork-tailed swift, Tree martin. white-throated needletail WildNet taxon ID 1971 Alternate name(s) spine-tailed swift Nature Conservation Act 1992 (NCA) status Vulnerable Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (EPBC) status Vulnerable Back on Track (BoT) status Low Conservation significant Yes Endemicity Native White-throated needletail hunting over Volochayevka Pervaya. 1999. None known, however it is likely that populations of prey species have been and are being affected by pesticide use and air pollution, which remain serious problems in much of East Asia, as well as global climate change. Only in rainy weather, in particularly near approaching storms, they are found hawking for insects above more open country, e.g. Able, K.P. No estimate. These birds have very short legs which they use only for clinging to vertical surfaces. A comparison of data from the two bird Atlas projects in Australia (1977-1981 and 1998-2002) indicates a decline in distribution and reporting rates. Recommended citation. Breeding in Eurasia: e, s Asia; can be seen in 51 countries. It is one of the fastest-flying bird in flapping flight, being capable of speeds up to 170 km/h (105 mph). Recommended Citation. The White-throated needletail (Hirundapus caudacutus), also known as needle-tailed swift or spine-tailed swift, is a species of large swift in the Apodidae family. English: White-throated Needletail: Scientific (Hirundapus caudacutus caudacutus)Order: APODIFORMES: Family (Latin) Apodidae: Family (English) Swifts: Other name(s) Martinet à queue épineuse, Asian Spine-tailed Swift, Spine-tailed Swift, Needle-tailed Swift They catch the insects in flight in their wide gaping beaks. It catches the insects in flight in their wide beaks. The White-throated Needletail (Hirundapus caudacutus), also known as Needle-tailed Swift or Spine-tailed Swift, is a large swift. The nominate race caudacutus breeds in Siberia and northern China and Japan and spends the non-breeding season in New Guinea and the eastern half of Australia. Image © Martin Sanders by Martin Sanders. 388-417 in del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J. Adult in flight. Apr 30, 2017 - All information about White-throated needletail. It’s about the time of the 1940s and ’50s when the story of sailfish that traveled at the speed of […] Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. 2004. Most records are of single birds, but there are occasional ‘invasions’ when flocks of up to ‘hundreds’ may occur (McCaskill 1943). Oxford University Press, Melbourne. The only swift in its range that combines a clean white throat and smooth pale gray back. White-throated needletail. White-throated needletails have been recorded from both main islands as well as the Snares Islands and Chatham Island. Species information. Birds on the move: flight and migration. ; Bonney, R. Discover them all with Birds of the World. Each species account is written by leading ornithologists and provides detailed information on bird distribution, migration, habitat, diet, sounds, behavior, breeding, current population status, and conservation. It has been claimed to be the fastest bird in level flight, reaching speeds of 129 km/h (80 mph), but is disputed whether the White-throated Needletail is faster, reportedly flying at 170 km/h (105mph). Tiritiri Matangi Island, November 2016. At close range, the fine white forehead and bluish tinge to the back are also visible. Birds usually feed in rising thermal currents associated with storm fronts and bushfires and they are commonly seen moving with wind fronts. 2013 [updated 2017]. Family Apodidae (swifts). White-throated Needletail (Hirundapus caudacutus) bird calls on dibird.com. Image 1 of 2. Welcome swallow has a deeply forked tail, glossy blue-black upper parts, red face and pale greyish underparts. Incubation ranges from 17 to 23 days and is carried out by both parents. Guy M. Kirwan. Handbook of Australian, New Zealand and Antarctic birds. Melville, D.S. Hirundapus caudacutus Scientific name; White-throated Needletail Common name; Not Sensitive; Rare or uncommon Native; Non-Invasive; 609.1m to 818.7m Recorded at altitude; Their legs are so short and their wings so long that they are unable to take off if they are placed on the ground. Cornell Lab of Ornithology & Princeton University Press, Ithaca. Downloadable at: http://notornis.osnz.org.nz/system/files/Notornis_1_4.pdf. Viking, Auckland. This bird is quite large, and is the fastest bird during level flight, reaching speeds up to 105 mph. Birds usually feed in rising thermal currents associated with storm fronts and bushfires and they are commonly seen moving with wind fronts. Distribution / Range. It is reputed to reach speeds of up to 170 km/h (105 mph) in horizontal flight, but this is unverified because the methods used to measure its speed have not been published. Revisors. Needletails are gregarious and spend most of the time flying, however they will roost perched on trees. Historical pesticide applications coincided with an altered diet of aerially foraging insectivorous chimney swifts. Birds usually feed in rising thermal currents associated with storm fronts and bushfires and they are commonly seen moving with wind fronts. The strong, powerful body and the long curved wings enable the bird to achieve exceptional speed in flight. Chantler, P. 1999. White-throated Needletails are usually observed hunting above forest or woodland. Swifts - a guide to the swifts and treeswifts of the world. 2 to 7 eggs are laid in a scrape or natural depression in a tree hollow. (Eds.). Barn-owls to hummingbirds. New Zealand Birds Online. New Zealand Birds Online. ; Grooms, C.; Kimpe, L.E. Fairy and tree martins have more rounded wings, white rump, pale underparts and almost square tail. Chantler, P. and G. M. Kirwan (2016). Hundreds of white-throated needletail birds seen at Diggers Camp, Yuraygir National Park, northern NSW, 9th December 2016. The field guide to the birds of New Zealand. The White-throated Needletail may also be called the Needle-tailed Swift or Spin-tailed Swift. In New Zealand they are most often reported over islands and headlands. Feeding and diet. Similar species: All potential confusion species are smaller than the white-throated needletail. Every bird has a story. Nocera, J.J.; Blais, J.M. Vol 4. White-throated needletails are large swifts with a stout, barrel-like body. Historical pesticide applications coincided with an altered diet of aerially foraging insectivorous chimney swifts. 5. During the non-breeding season in Australia, the White-throated Needletail has been recorded eating a wide variety of insects, including beetles, cicadas, flying ants, bees, wasps, flies, termites, moths, locusts and grasshoppe rs (Cameron 1968; Madden 1982; Rose 1997; Parrots to Dollarbird. These birds have very short legs which they use only for clinging to … Priority actions are the specific, practical things that must be done to recover a threatened species, population or ecological community. Feeds on flying insects, such as termites, ants, beetles and flies. http://www.environment.gov.au/cgi-bin/sprat/public/publicspecies.pl?taxon_id=682, http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/speciesfactsheet.php?id=1750, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/White-throated_Needletail. Chantler, P.; Driessens, G. 1995. The White-throated Needletail feeds on flying insects, such as termites, ants, beetles and flies. (ed.) Vol. Other names: spine-tailed swift, needle-tailed swift, northern needletail, whitethroated needletail, white throated needletail, spinetailed swift, spine tailed swift, Geographical variation: Two races, with the nominate race straying to New Zealand, White-throated needletail. June 26, 2013 - The White-throated Needletail after it died flying into a wind turbine in Scotland. Ornithological Society Of The Middle East The Caucasus And Central Asia, RED DE OBSERVADORES DE AVES Y VIDA SILVESTRE DE CHILE. Hirundapus caudacutus This bird is quite large, and is the fastest bird during level flight, reaching speeds up to 105 mph. There is no doubt that human beings are those creatures of the animal kingdom who are superior in all attributes to animals. The sharp ‘needle’ projections on the tail feathers can usually only be seen when the bird is in the hand. Similar in size and shape to White-throated Needletail and can be difficult to distinguish in poor lighting. These migratory birds are native to eastern and northern Australia. In a single year the common swift can cover at least 200,000 km (125.000 mi). Philip Chantler and Guy M. Kirwan. Needletails are fast-flying birds that spend most of the year on the wing, only landing during the breeding season and when roosting. 1 . The invasion of New Zealand by spine-tailed swifts in the summer of 1942-43. They catch the insects in flight in their wide gaping beaks. Foraging birds may reach heights in excess of 1000 m and often forage on the edge of low pressure systems. Page 1 of 1 pages - image sightings only 302 12 12. 2. (ed.) White Throated Needletail. It is also known as needle-tailed swift or spine-tailed swift. 2013 [updated 2017]. White-throated Needletail: Faroese: Loftsveimari: Finnish: piikkipyrstökiitäjä … They have large mouths that are used to feed on ‘aerial plankton’. Pica Press, Sussex. White-throated Needletail. Bird Notes 1: 38-40. It is commonly reputed to reach speeds of up to 170 km/h (105 mph), though this has not been verified. An extensive multimedia section displays the latest photos, videos and audio selections from the Macaulay Library. Uncommon, non-breeding summer migrant. Handbook of Australian, New Zealand and Antarctic birds: http://notornis.osnz.org.nz/system/files/Notornis_1_4.pdf. Swifts are among the fastest of birds, and larger species like the white-throated needletail have been reported travelling at up to 169 km/h (105 mph) in level flight.
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