(CIMMYT) over the past 50 years. “The future of wheat improvement in developing countries remains on the shoulders of public organizations and institutions. All are longtime CIMMYT collaborators on efforts to scale up and disseminate sustainable intensification and climate smart farming practices. Flickr photos, groups, and tags related to the "globalwheatprogram" Flickr tag. important. A: Well, along with At the virtual BGRI workshop, Hans delivered a keynote speech accepting the award and discussing the bright future of wheat, despite the many challenges that lie ahead. The exchange, the process of disclosing a In November 2020, Alison Bentley will be joining the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) as the new program director of the Global Wheat Program. The world needs a strong CIMMYT.”. Q: There is a sense of urgency in this meeting. Accelerating Genetic Gains in Maize and Wheat for Improved Livelihoods (AGG) is a 5-year project that brings together partners in the global science community and in national agricultural research and extension systems to accelerate the development of higher-yielding varieties of maize and wheat — two of the world’s most important staple crops. engine already works very well. step to building a much stronger relationship, and something that will and Ministry of Agriculture Strategic Research Program Chair in Durum and have to duplicate programmatic leadership and administrative structures. CIMMYT, and CGIAR breeding deliver improved wheat germplasm into the hands of farmers. One of Braun’s standout memories was a major discovery when he first came to Turkey. Develop climate resilient, nutritious, high yielding disease and pest tolerant wheat lines. For more information, or to arrange interviews, contact the media team: Rodrigo Ordóñez, Communications Manager (CIMMYT) firstname.lastname@example.org. He “has been an integral partner in the development and implementation of the Durable Rust Research in Wheat (DRRW) and Delivering Genetic Gain in Wheat (DGGW) projects.”. challenges facing wheat farmers in coming decades will require the best that challenged by this study have a range of influences, from concern about rural Posted in Article, Articles, Flagship Project 01, Flagship Projects, Media, News. A: My background is in breeding technologies, Do you have any special expectations this year? What is the abbreviation for Global Wheat Program? I also contribute to the training by lecturing on basic statistics, programming and genetics. “Otherwise, wheat blast has the potential to marginalize the growth of rain-fed wheat production in Zambia and may threaten wheat production in neighboring countries as well.”. Posted in News. MEXICO CITY, 5 April 2018–Declining area sown to wheat worldwide, together with stockpiling by China, is masking significant risk in global wheat markets, experts at the United Kingdom’s Agriculture and Horticulture Development Board (AHDB) caution. experts from the public and private wheat breeding sectors spent three days at Singh worked with Tembo to provide guidance and the molecular markers needed for the sample analysis in Zambia, and coordinated the analysis of the wheat disease samples at the USDA-ARS facility in Fort Detrick, Maryland. Symptoms of wheat blast first appeared in Zambia during the 2018 rainy season in experimental plots and small-scale farms in the Mpika district, Muchinga province. After 21 years in Turkey, Braun accepted the position as director of CIMMYT’s Global Wheat Program and moved back to Mexico. program, having an in-depth discussion and coming up with a proposal — that is something that rarely happens. This network, led by Cornell University, prevented a potential global wheat rust epidemic. Braun considers wheat research to be still in a “blessed environment” because a culture of openly-shared germplasm, knowledge and information among the global wheat community is still the norm. Wheat blast spreads through infected seeds and crop residues as well as by spores that can travel long distances in the air. “Once aware that micro-nutrient disorders can cause severe growth problems, it was a minor step to identify boron toxicity as another issue. (Photo: Xochiquetzal Fonseca/CIMMYT) In a landmark discovery for global wheat production, an international team led by the University of Saskatchewan and including scientists from the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) has sequenced the genomes for 15 wheat varieties representing breeding programs around the world, … rice, wheat is among the top two in terms of area and contribution to total Through this program, CIMMYT works with more than 200 research and breeding institutions, including the International Center for Agriculture Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA) and the CGIAR Research Program on Wheat (WHEAT), sharing elite breeding lines and associated data through its system of international nurseries. use large amounts of fertilizer, fungicide, and other inputs. She will be succeeding Hans Braun, who has steered the program for the last 16 years. were talking about here is the importance of germplasm exchange, and how to fit A: The urgency is High-Yield Wheat Breeding and Genetics, University of Saskatchewan, Canada. The Wheat Molecular Breeding laboratory develops tools and information for breeders around the world. Posted in Article, News. ‘high-input’” and encourage openness to new ideas as the need arises. Valentin Wimmer, Head of Cereals Breeding Technologies, KWS SAAT SE & Co. KGaA, Germany. Established in 2008 and funded by farmers , growers and others in the supply chain, AHDB provides independent information to improve decisions and performance in UK agriculture. Genetic Resources Kevin Pixley, who co-moderated the workshop, “but a constant The class of 2019 was a wonderful group of bright researchers that challenged me to keep working to become a better teacher and scientist. About Accelerating Genetic Gains in Maize and Wheat for Improved Livelihoods. decisions are made and think about how CIMMYT wheat programs apply new technologies to improve the rate of This story by Janet Lewis was originally posted on the website of the Borlaug Training Foundation. relationships I’ve had with CIMMYT scientists. “The dream has become a reality.” These words by Victor Manuel Villalobos Arambula, Secretary of Agriculture and Rural Development of Mexico, summed up the sentiment felt among the attendees at the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) Global Wheat Program Visitors’ Week in Ciudad Obregon, Sonora. in a corporate environment – so I can provide input on logistics and time generally around increasing the effectiveness of breeding in the face of “I was never more scared than in that moment, and I followed the footsteps of the guy in front of me exactly,” Braun recalls. The Wheat Initiative governance is driven by principles of transparency and inclusivity. “How many programs worldwide have this expertise and meet the target criteria? Program Manager, Global Wheat Program. Program Director, Global Wheat Program CIMMYT is a not-for-profit research institute, one of the largest centers of the CGIAR, a global organization working on the most important Agricultural Research for Development impacts. In a landmark discovery for global wheat production, a University of Saskatchewan (USask)-led international team has sequenced the genomes for 15 wheat varieties representing breeding programs around the world, enabling scientists and breeders to much more quickly identify influential genes for improved yield, pest resistance and other important crop traits. Worldwide, 2.5 billion consumers depend on wheat as a staple food, and in recent years, several African countries have been actively working towards reducing dependence on wheat imports. As a new PhD student at The University of Sydney in Australia, this was an incredible scientific experience with the course encompassing field visits, lab practicals and lectures from leading scientists (including my PhD supervisor Professor Lester Burgess). A: Absolutely. On a different trip to Afghanistan, Braun met a farmer who had struggled with a yellow rust epidemic and was now growing CIMMYT lines that were resistant to it. “In 1990, when the Commonwealth of Independent States was established, I saw this tremendous opportunity to work with Central Asia to develop better wheat varieties,” he said. We caught up with him to capture some of his career milestones, best travel stories, and vision for the future of CIMMYT and global wheat production. “This is a disaster which needs immediate attention,” said Tembo. I also came to fully appreciate the importance of understanding context: what does the challenge look like in the field or system it is relevant to, how will change be implemented and by who? They’re doing an excellent job. Posted in Article, News. With the assistance of the training team, we also facilitate all the accommodations and arrangements for the participant’s trips and lodging in Mexico.”, JL: “What sparked your interest in being the training coordinator at CIMMYT?”, FCC: “As an alumnus, I personally understand the value of being part of this course. The International Maize and What Improvement Center (CIMMYT) is the global leader in publicly-funded maize and wheat research and related farming systems. The new director of the CGIAR Research Program on Wheat brings many years of experience in wheat genetics, wheat genetic resources and wheat pre-breeding. feedback and answer questions – or if the program wants to send someone to us livelihoods, to the role of corporate agribusiness and the capacity of Earth’s Hans Braun, the director of the Global Wheat Program (GWP) at the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT), has received the Norman Borlaug Lifetime Achievement Award at the 2020 Borlaug Global Rust Initiative (BGRI) Technical Workshop on Oct. 9, for nearly four decades of wheat research. The U.N. projects that the global population will increase to more than 9 billion people by 2050, which means that the successes and failures of wheat and maize farmers will continue to have a crucial impact on food security globally. All our young scientists that have dedicated their scientific career to wheat research from Ethiopia, Uruguay, Germany, India, China, Mexico, and Pakistan.”, If you’d like to learn more about the Basic Wheat Improvement Course or any programs offered at CIMMYT, you can find them at https://www.cimmyt.org/events/, Written by mmacneil on February 10, 2020. environments, and refutes an argument by Green Revolution critics that breeding “One of the main objectives of farming systems is to meet nutrition of the farming family. “Nothing of this nature has happened before in Zambia.”. “If there is a production issue—say, drought or a serious pest or disease outbreak in a key wheat growing country—then wheat stocks may not be as accessible as recent, bearish headlines suggest,” Kaur Purewal added. Senior Scientist, Wheat Breeder and Pathologist for sub-Saharan Africa & Country Representative for Ethiopia, Principal Scientist, Durum Wheat Breeding, Senior Scientist, Soil Borne Diseases, and Country Representative for Turkey, Distinguished Scientist and Country Representative for China, Head of the Wheat Quality Laboratory and Cereal Chemist, Regional Representative for Asia and Country Representative for India, Distinguished Scientist and Head of Wheat Physiology, Senior Scientist - Wheat Improvement and Country Representative for Afghanistan, Distinguished Scientist and Head of Global Wheat Improvement. It is nice to see that the program is starting to During the training course, participants submit reports and prepare an oral and poster presentation. A: It’s clear that New research establishes three new definitions for targeting wheat varieties in India and validates effectiveness of testing in Obregon, Mexico. fertilizer and chemical plant protection usage, the authors conclude that because I thought I could also learn. The annual tour at the Campo Experimental Norman E. Borlaug allows the global wheat community to see new wheat varieties, learn about latest research findings, and hold meetings and discussions to collaborate on future research priorities. WHEAT is a CGIAR Research Program launched in 2012 and led by the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT). Written by mdahm on September 24, 2020. CIMMYT contributes to sequencing genomes of 15 wheat varieties . for training- I could imagine that, too. these efforts into perspective. calories worldwide. CIMMYT breeding lines can be found in varieties sown on more than 60 million hectares worldwide. Carlos Guzman, head of wheat nutrition and quality, Mohammad Reza Jalal Kamali, CIMMYT country representative in Iran, and Alexey Morgounov, head of the International Winter Wheat Improvement Program received Yaquis, or statues of a Yaqui Indian. and management conditions. Full title: Genomic selection in the CIMMYT global wheat program – current status, lessons learnt and a look to the future Philomin Juliana, CIMMYT, Mexico Plant Breeding & … CIMMYT breeding lines can be found in varieties sown on more than 60 million hectares worldwide. Tembo participated in the Basic Wheat Improvement Course at CIMMYT in Mexico, where she discussed the new disease with Pawan Singh, head of Wheat Pathology at CIMMYT. The first farm community in the developing world to support research, it became CIMMYT’s principal wheat breeding experimental station: Norman Borlaug Experimental Station, or CENEB. we serve. modern wheat breeding practices aimed at high-input farming systems have Some of them already excel in specific disciplines, so they provide me invaluable support to cover the academic content of the program.”, JL: “The 2020 class started on February 4th. It also contradicts a commonly held belief that breeding for too.”, Written by mmacneil on June 27, 2019. From these early months of my PhD spent in Turkey to its progression and completion (including international collaborations with Plant & Food New Zealand, Kansas State University, Cornell University and national collaborations with the South Australia Research and Development Institute and the Western Australia Department of Agriculture), I further learned the value of partnerships and collaboration. Global Wheat Detection Problem Overview: Open up your pantry and you’re likely to find several wheat products. This story by Madeline Dahm was originally posted on the CIMMYT website. Wheat blast, a fast-acting and devastating fungal disease, has been reported for the first time on the African continent, according to a new article published by scientists from the Zambian Agricultural Research Institute (ZARI), the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) and the US Department of Agriculture – Foreign Disease Weed Science Research Unit (USDA-ARS) in the scientific journal PLoS One. The cover picture of a FAO book on global soil analysis showed a rice field with zinc deficiency, and Turkey produces more boron than the rest of the world combined.”. The Borlaug Training Foundation’s Janet Lewis had a chat with Fatima Camarillo Castillo, CIMMYT’s Global Wheat Program Training Coordinator, to discuss the course and her role as coordinator. breeding effort to improve livelihoods across the globe – the philosophy behind [Always, if you can, do something for others, because it’s the best way to do something for yourself].”, Written by Mike Listman on April 5, 2018. Curtis Pozniak, Professor We need a strong maize and wheat program. When Borlaug visited Obregón for the last time in 2009, the Patronato farmers had a big surprise. Food demand in the developing regions is growing by 1% annually. “Obregón is a really special place to me.”. rate of genetic gain in wheat yields and to mainstream high zinc levels into I was also fortunate to have financial support from the Crawford Fund NSW Committee to stay on in Turkey to conduct a survey of soil-borne diseases of wheat (supporting my PhD research). “I was just getting out of the shower in my room in Obregón when I got a call from Jorge Artee Elias Calles, the president of the Patronato,” Braun recalls. “This and the recent, huge global harvests for maize have saturated grain markets and pressured prices, driving the price of wheat futures to historic lows.”. He remembers seeing areas marked with red tape as he surveyed wheat fields in Afghanistan in the 1990s, and the shock and fear he felt when he was informed that they were uncleared landmine areas. We are seeking a Program Director to lead CIMMYT’s core initiative, the Global Wheat Program (GWP). His first posting with CIMMYT was in Turkey in 1985, as a breeder in the International Winter Wheat Improvement Program (IWWIP). Job Responsibilities: Program Director, Global Wheat Program. Q: How do you see your role as a research partner and Mid-level; Posted on ; International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) Mexico; Closing on 27 February 2016; Apply now; Save for later; The Global Wheat Program is unique — no other wheat breeding program has a comparable impact. CIMMYT has an excellent skill set here and very experienced people. A high-level delegation from India, including Balwinder Singh Sidhu, commissioner of agriculture for the state of Punjab, AK Singh, deputy director general for agricultural extension at the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), and AS Panwar, director of ICAR’s Indian Institute of Farming Systems Research, joined the tour and presentations. they state. Given the diversity of attendees and CIMMYT’s partnerships, it is no surprise that there were several high-level visits to the field day. CIMMYT’s specialty is to provide global expertise in two of the world’s most important field crops along with partners in over 100 countries. We expect this will expose and familiarize the trainees with the breeding pipeline on a larger scale. Given the diversity of attendees and CIMMYT’s partnerships, it is no surprise that there were several high-level visits to the field day. The Center receives support from national governments, foundations, development banks and other public and private agencies. He highlighted CIMMYT’s exceptional capacity as one of the world’s largest and most impactful wheat breeding programs, and encouraged national partners to continue their close collaboration. “Change can be of its wheat offering. This has resulted in interest from both the research and breeding sector, leveraging significant public- and private-sector investment. The donation, in honor of Borlaug’s lifetime of collaboration and global impact, was given for CIMMYT’s research on wheat diseases. “I only can hope this is maintained, because it is the basis for future wheat improvement.”. certainly be open to new ways of doing business in crop improvement, while led global wheat production in 2016 accounting for 19% of global production. In addition, it was my first visit to the Central West Asia & North Africa (CWANA) region and an opportunity to interact with CWANA wheat scientists. There is also an increasing groups of genes (haplotypes) with negative or neutral effects – a finding which Close up of a durum wheat spike. And these biofortified varieties can be integrated into farming systems,” he said. A recent article in the journal Nature Plants validates the work of wheat breeders who produce yield-boosting varieties for farmers across a range of incomes and environments. All experiments confirmed the presence of Magnaporthe oryzae pathotype Triticum (MoT). “The first occurrence of the disease was very distressing. Management Plugin, Carretera Mexico-Veracruz, Km. pursuit of improvement is what differentiates exceptional from good, and the Today, around 60 million hectares are sown with CIMMYT-derived wheat varieties, increasing the annual income of farmers by around $3 billion dollars. and high-input farmers but also resource-poor, smallholder farmers who do not The Women in Triticum group is participating this year, yes?”. “Each of these individuals has contributed to the improvement of wheat and smallholder livelihoods in major and enduring ways.”. “This presents yet another challenging biotic constraint to rain-fed wheat production in Zambia,” said Batiseba Tembo, wheat breeder at ZARI and lead scientist on the study. Headquartered near Mexico City, CIMMYT works with hundreds of partners throughout the developing world to sustainably increase the productivity of maize and wheat cropping systems, thus improving global food security and reducing poverty. science can offer.”, Wrapping up the technical expert meeting, Gary Atlin put CIMMYT’s GWP has an incredible track record of impact, delivering varieties and germplasm to support wheat production throughout the world. amongst our programs to make better sense of the data in the context of our own extremely effective they could probably be more efficient and effective. Today only 6 countries meet this target and the average of all OECD countries has never been higher than 0.4%. “We have today 300 million more hungry people than in 1985. I am happy to give back. CIMMYTâs Global Wheat Program is one of the most important public sources of high yielding, nutritious, disease- and climate-resilient wheat varieties for Africa, Asia, and Latin America. research programs. “This resonates with the cautionary message of the landmark 2015 study by Lloyd’s of London, which showed that the global food system is actually under significant pressure from potential, coinciding shocks, such as bad weather combined with crop disease outbreaks,” Braun said. areas where a lot of protein and calories come from wheat. organizing breeding being tried out in the public and private sectors that we A select group of plant breeders, quantitative geneticists, Today, around 60 million hectares are sown with CIMMYT-derived wheat varieties, increasing the annual income of farmers by around $3 billion dollars. Why is it This study will aid global crop breeding considerably, helping to improve crop yield, quality and pest resistance in wheat and other important crop plants. Global Programs and Studies (GPS) is actively monitoring COVID-19 developments via multiple outlets, including the U.S. State Department, the CDC, the World Health Organization, our international assistance provider, and our partners. The disease made its first intercontinental jump to Asia in 2016, causing a severe outbreak in Bangladesh, reducing yield on average by as much as 51% in the affected fields. In an uncertain world, these help foster resilience and stability for food systems and consumers.”, WordPress Download Manager - Best Download A data driven selection system as well as by spores that can travel distances... Program is unique — no other wheat breeding Program has a comparable impact not all... Both mechanisms of expansion a food and crop makes wheat widely studied I only can hope this is,. Genetic gain – and nutrition — in wheat objectives of farming systems is to meet nutrition of the community Fusarium! 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