This provision does not include the transiting or sale of animals through such a premises in circumvention of the other requirements of this part.”. (b) To be approved for program use, a scrapie test must be able to be readily and successfully performed at the National Veterinary Services Laboratories. Several commenters expressed concern that the rule would prohibit the use of registry tattoos as official identification. ~Garnet. Often goats have enough shade and shelter from the rain by utilizing cover from existing trees during the summer. One commenter requested that we provide VS Form 5-19c as an appendix to the program standards. We expect these entities to find the rule's official identification requirements and other conditions well worth the cost. The action under appeal shall continue in effect pending the final determination of the Administrator, unless otherwise ordered by the Administrator. Rules of practice concerning the hearing will be adopted by the Administrator. One commenter asked that the animals which would qualify to move for purposes other than slaughter be allowed to be tagged after sale, so that only those animals that are moving for purposes other than slaughter at under 18 months of age would need to be eartagged. There is insufficient evidence to demonstrate that any breed of sheep or Start Printed Page 11175goat is resistant to scrapie; therefore, no change is being made in response to this comment. (4) Breed registries. If an age estimate cannot be made, the animal will be assumed to have been 48 months of age on the date samples were collected for scrapie diagnosis. A person shall be subject to criminal and civil penalties if he or she continues to use assigned numbers that have been withdrawn from his or her use. He put me in for the Washington goat tag, and I got back to my daily life of school and chores. Section 54.6 is revised to read as follows: (a) Indemnity. This will provide additional flexibility in handling unidentified animals moving to slaughter as a single source lot. (f) The owner of the flock or his or her agent must immediately report the following animals to a State representative, APHIS representative, or an accredited veterinarian; ensure that samples are properly collected for testing if the animal dies; allow the animals to be tested, and not remove them from a flock without written permission of a State or APHIS representative: (1) Any sheep or goat exhibiting weight loss despite retention of appetite; behavioral abnormalities; pruritus (itching); wool pulling; wool loss; biting at legs or side; lip smacking; motor abnormalities such as incoordination, high stepping gait of forelimbs, bunny hop movement of rear legs, or swaying of back end; increased sensitivity to noise and sudden movement; tremor; star gazing; head pressing; recumbency; rubbing, or other signs of neurological disease or chronic wasting illness; and. Has been in a flock with a scrapie-positive female animal; Has been in an enclosure with a scrapie-positive female animal at any location; Has resided on the premises of a flock before or while it was designated an infected or source flock and before a flock plan was completed. (e) A test or combination of tests may be approved for the identification of suspect animals, or scrapie-positive animals, or for other purposes such as flock certification. More information and documentation can be found in our As an alternative, such markets may request approval under § 71.20. (j) Beginning on April 24, 2019, no more than one official eartag may be applied to an animal; except that: (1) Another official eartag may be applied providing it bears the same official identification number as an existing one. 7. (2) Written requests for approval of official identification devices for sheep and goats should be sent to the National Scrapie Program Coordinator, Strategy and Policy, VS, APHIS, 4700 River Road Unit 43, Riverdale, MD 20737-1235. Control of scrapie is complicated because the disease has an extremely long incubation period without clinical signs of the disease. If there is a conflict as to any material fact, a hearing will be held to resolve the conflict. The rule does not require that a specific ear be used for the eartag. Also, a study showed that as in selecting for any trait, selecting for scrapie resistance may delay progress on other traits, particularly in breeds where R at codon 171 is rare. This will give the States flexibility to improve traceability, and also give the Administrator the ability to establish a nationwide policy on official eartag distribution should such State programs prove to be successful in increasing traceability. Such requests may be made directly to a person or persons or to accredited veterinarians as a group through amendment of the Scrapie Program Standards Volume 1: National Scrapie Eradication Program. Program approved test. (3) Appeal. The Administrator will grant or deny the appeal in writing as promptly as circumstances permit, stating the reason for his or her decision. Enter for your chance to win sneakers, credit and other exclusive prizes. 4. Register documents. One commenter requested that earless goats be exempted from the ID requirements. Double-sided printing, lines of text, logos, and custom management codes are just a few of the many choices for selection. .” in the introduction to the Part VII: Epidemiology A section of the program standards meant. By revising the definition for Official genotype test; r. By adding in alphabetical order definitions for Program approved test and Restricted animal sale or restricted livestock facility; s. In the heading of the definition for Scrapie Flock Certification Program (SFCP), by adding the word “Free” immediately after the word “Scrapie”; t. In the heading of the definition for Scrapie Flock Certification Program standards, by adding the word “Free” immediately after the word “Scrapie” and, in footnote 2, by removing the internet address “http://www.aphis.usda.gov/vs/scrapie and adding the internet address “http://www.aphis.usda.gov/animal-health/scrapie in its place; u. Once the nationally unique number has been assigned, the applicator and/or owner will provide the number to the official tag distributor. Scrapie belongs to the family of diseases known as transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs). Neither group lot ID nor an owner/hauler statement is required for movements of a flock or its members for flock management purposes within a contiguous premises spanning two or more States. We received 59 comments by that date. Sel. No indemnity will be paid for any animal, or the progeny of any animal, that has been moved or handled by the owner in violation of the requirements of the Animal Health Protection Act or the regulations promulgated thereunder. documents in the last year, 302 For reimbursement to be made, the owner of the animals must present the Veterinary Services, Field Operations, Area Veterinarian in Charge (AVIC) responsible for the State involved with a copy of either a receipt for expenses paid or a bill for services rendered. documents in the last year, 34 Consistent State. The authority citation for part 54 continues to read as follows: Authority: Parry's work did not include the genotypes of the sheep involved and it is unclear if his observations were a widespread breed trait separate from the genotype at codons 171 and 136 or the result of the genotype at these codons. Most segments and marketing channels of the sheep and goat industries will benefit from being able to operate under the new requirements and by the eradication of scrapie. Those tags basically mean nothing. To achieve scrapie-free status, we must be able to trace mature animals in order to conduct effective slaughter surveillance. We note that § 54.7(a)(3) provides for the movement of scrapie-positive and suspect animals for which indemnification is sought to an approved research facility. Requirements for flocks under investigation and flocks subject to flock plans and post-exposure management and monitoring plans. (5) Note: In this definition, R refers to codon 171 and A refers to codon 136, and Q represents any genotype other than R at codon 171 and V represents any genotype other than A at codon 136. (4) Note: In this definition R refers to codon 171 and A refers to codon 136, and Q represents any genotype other than R at codon 171 and V represents any genotype other than A at codon 136. 5/8"W x 2"H. Apply with Universal Total Tagger or Global Retract-O-Matic Tagger sold separately). The rule, through the accompanying program standards, does allow the use of registry tattoos as official identification when the sheep or goat is legibly tattooed and accompanied by a copy of their registration certificate in the name of the current owner or a copy of a completed application for transfer of ownership dated within 60 days of the change in ownership or when accompanied by an interstate certificate of veterinary inspection that lists the flocks of origin and birth, the registry, and the registry tattoo. RESEARCH. Sets of unique individual identification serial numbers may be assigned to persons who handle sheep and goats, that did not originate in a breeding flock owned by them, if they apply to and are approved by the State Animal Health Official or the Veterinary Services, Field Operations, AVIC responsible for the State in which the person maintains his or her business location, whichever is responsible for issuing official identification devices or numbers in that State and for assigning flock identification numbers and premises identification numbers in that State in the National Scrapie Database. Color is up to you (except blue, which is reserved for USDA use). So, why not have a box on hand to tag your sheep and goats? To control the spread of scrapie within the United States, the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), administers regulations at 9 CFR part 79, which restrict the interstate movement of certain sheep and goats. More specifically, genetic testing will be used to identify genetically resistant or less susceptible sheep for exemption from destruction and as qualifying for interstate movement; designated scrapie epidemiologists will be given greater flexibility in determining the testing needs of flocks; the indemnity regulations will be changed to apply only to those animals that are found to be genetically susceptible to scrapie; official identification of goats produced for meat or fiber or that are slaughtered at over 18 months of age will be required; submission of tagging records by individuals who tag sheep or goats that do not originate on their premises will be required when requested; and Start Printed Page 11179certain recordkeeping requirements will be reduced, changed, or removed. While every effort has been made to ensure that Insect cell supernatant expressing His-tagged mouse CCL22 was resolved by electrophoresis, transferred to nitrocellulose, and probed with anti-His Tag antibody (clone J099B12). These devices or methods must ensure that the sample, its corresponding label, and the official ID device or method applied to the animal meets the requirements of § 79.2(k) of this chapter and that the sample is from the same animal to which the official ID device or method was applied. This site displays a prototype of a “Web 2.0” version of the daily Animals 18 months of age and older (as evidenced by the eruption of the second incisor) in slaughter channels must also be accompanied by an ICVI that states the individual animal identification numbers, and the flock of birth (and the flock of origin, if different). To calculate indemnity, APHIS will use price information provided by the Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS) or other available price information and any other data necessary to establish the value of different types of sheep and goats. Three commenters stated that they appreciate APHIS' outreach efforts to producers, and that APHIS should increase access to educational resources for goat producers and veterinarians.  edition of the Federal Register. The test subject must be an animal that is officially identified and the test accurately recorded on an official form supplied or approved by APHIS, with the samples collected and shipped to the laboratory using a shipping method specified by the laboratory by: (3) The animal's owner or owner's agent, using a tamper-resistant sampling kit approved by APHIS for this purpose. We invite you to try out our new beta eCFR site at https://ecfr.federalregister.gov. MGR Myotonic Goat Registry. Accredited veterinarians may alternatively elect to purchase official RFID “840” sheep and goat tags for these purposes directly from an approved tag manufacturer. Four commenters recommended that APHIS continue to require identification of Nor98-like scrapie-exposed animals, and flockmates and offspring of these Start Printed Page 11172animals, for a period of 5 years after the positive animal left the flock. Official sheep and goat eartags Serial number tags are issued to accredited veterinarians for use in completing CVIs or test charts when the animal is not already officially identified and the owner does not have official eartags to use. One commenter stated that Part VII: Epidemiology F. Procedures for Investigation and Monitoring a Flock that Received a High-Risk Animal was hard to follow and should be revised for clarity. 6. One commenter agreed with genetic testing to determine risk level and also that AA QR (GLS) & AA RR (GR) should be exempt from destruction and noted that Canada does not exempt AV QR. (1) A mature sheep or goat as evidenced by eruption of the first incisor that has been condemned by FSIS or a State inspection authority for central nervous system (CNS) signs, or that exhibits any of the following clinical signs of scrapie and has been determined to be suspicious for scrapie by an accredited veterinarian or a State or USDA representative, based on one or more of the following signs and the severity of the signs: Weakness of any kind including, but not limited to, stumbling, falling down, or having difficulty rising, not including those with visible traumatic injuries and no other signs of scrapie; behavioral abnormalities; significant weight loss despite retention of appetite or in an animal with adequate dentition; increased sensitivity to noise and sudden movement; tremors; star gazing; head pressing; bilateral gait abnormalities such as but not limited to incoordination, ataxia, high stepping gait of forelimbs, bunny-hop movement of rear legs, or swaying of back end, but not including abnormalities involving only one leg or one front and one back leg; repeated intense rubbing with bare areas or damaged wool in similar locations on both sides of the animal's body or, if on the head, both sides of the poll; abraded, rough, thickened, or hyperpigmented areas of skin in areas of wool/hair loss in similar locations on both sides of the animal's body or, if on the head, both sides of the poll; or other signs of CNS disease. We are revising the Scrapie Program Standards to clarify this. One commenter expressed concern that scrapie poses a human health risk and stated that scrapie should be regulated in the same way as BSE. These tags also make extremely durable identification of many items other than livestock. We have replaced the term “full PEMMP” with “retained susceptible animal PEMMP” throughout the program standards. The Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service is committed to compliance with the E-Government Act to promote the use of the internet and other information technologies, to provide increased opportunities for citizen access to Government information and services, and for other purposes. The Administrator will base the approval or disapproval of a test on the evaluation by APHIS and, when appropriate, outside scientists, of: (1) A standardized test protocol that must include a description of the test, a description of the reagents, materials, and equipment used for the test, the test methodology, and any control or quality assurance procedures; (2) Data to support repeatability, that is, the ability to reproduce the same result repeatedly on a given sample; (3) Data to support reproducibility, that is, data to show that similar results can be produced when the test is run at other laboratories; (4) Data to support the diagnostic and in the case of assays the analytical sensitivity and specificity of the test; and. The classic flan is used with the use of goat's milk caramel (cajeta), whole milk and evaporated milk.Ingredients: goat whole and evaporated milk, cajeta, organic eggs, sugar.Comes in 2x200g jars.. Unless the number sequence was issued specifically for use on animals born in a flock, this would not preclude the owner of a flock from using an official premises or flock identification number tag assigned to that flock on an animal owned by him or her that resides in that flock but that was born or previously resided on a different premises as long as the records required in paragraph (g) of this section are maintained. Prices shown include customized laser imprinting with your choice of consecutive numbers and premise name. Additional tags must be submitted if requested by APHIS. Any bill of sale regarding the animals must indicate that the animals were sold for slaughter only. Availability In Stock. We have corrected the table to list those situations when the SGHSE must approve the designation or re-designation and deleted the note. We agree that such templates would be useful and will post templates on the APHIS Scrapie Program website when they have been approved. Animals moved in accordance with this paragraph must be individually identified and listed on the permit. Section 79.2 is revised to read as follows: (a) No sheep or goat that is required to be individually identified or group identified by § 79.3 may be sold, disposed of, acquired, exhibited, transported, received for transportation, offered for sale or transportation, loaded, unloaded, or otherwise handled in interstate commerce or commingled with such animals or be loaded or unloaded at a premises or animal concentration point (including premises that exhibit animals) where animals are received that have been in interstate commerce or from which animals are moved in interstate commerce unless each sheep or goat has been identified in accordance with this section. To use this exemption the person applying the identification must have supporting documentation indicating that the animals were born and had resided throughout their life in the State. The commenter stated that the relationship between paragraph (a) and how that relates to animals over 18 months of age in slaughter channels was confusing. Interstate certificate of veterinary inspection (ICVI). We’ve made big changes to make the eCFR easier to use. Destroyed. However, we will not make it a requirement because it would be overly burdensome to producers given the minimal improvement in traceability that would likely result. We agree with the commenters and have amended § 79.2(b)(3) to indicate that submission is required only when requested by APHIS. We will amend the program standards to improve clarity. APHIS-2007-0127). Based on 2012 Census of Agriculture data, this cost if incurred would equal about 1.5 percent of average revenue for meat goat producers. Such animals must be accompanied by an owner/hauler statement that contains the information needed to officially identify the animals to their flock of origin and, when required, their flock of birth; or. A complimentary study using an oronasal route showed that at 70 months post inoculation and at 5 years post inoculation there was no evidence of scrapie in these KK171 sheep. While it is true that genetic susceptibility is different for classical and non-classical scrapie, the current language addresses this by including the words “or to a scrapie type to which the sheep are susceptible.” Leaving the text as currently written allows maximum flexibility in addressing all types of scrapie. Four commenters were generally opposed to the proposed rule but did not address any specific provisions. In accordance with section 3507(d) of the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. A nationally unique number assigned by a State, federally recognized Tribal or Federal animal health authority to a group of animals that are managed as a unit on one or more premises and are under the same ownership. These persons must make the records available for inspection and copying by any authorized USDA or State representative upon that representative's request and presentation of his or her official credentials. There's a problem loading this menu right now. No indemnity will be paid to an owner for any animals if the owner established or increased his flock for the purpose of collecting or increasing indemnity. 8301-8317; 7 CFR 2.22, 2.80, and 371.4. a. An ICVI and all copies must be legible and must show the following information, except when § 79.3 states that the information is not required for the specific type of interstate movement: (1) The ICVI must show the species, breed or, if breed is unknown, the face color of sheep or the type of goats (milk, fiber, or meat), and class of animal, such as replacement ewe lambs, slaughter lambs or kids, cull ewes, club lambs, bred ewes, etc. However, we have amended the definition to clarify that this is intended. APHIS notes that § 79.3(a)(2) allows single source lots of cull sheep or goats to move unidentified direct to slaughter using an owner/hauler statement without official ID so no changes are being made in response to this comment. If the actual birth date is unknown, the date of birth will be estimated based on examination of the teeth and any available records. (c) Ownership brands documents attached to ICVIs. An animal shall not be designated an exposed animal if it only resided on the premises before the date that infection was most likely introduced to the premises as determined by a Federal or State representative. High-risk animal. 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