Home Page > Challenges Faced. The Casa took detailed notes of his discoveries and added them to the Padrón Real, a master map which served as the basis for official navigation charts provided to Spanish captains and pilots. The new governor returned to the island as instructed, bringing with him his wife and children. Earlier, he accompanied Christopher Columbus on his second voyage to the New World. Juan Ponce de León, (born 1460?, Santervás de Campos, Valladolid, León [Spain]—died 1521, Havana, Cuba), Spanish explorer who founded the first European settlement on Puerto Rico and who is credited with being the first European to reach Florida (1513).  Here Ponce de León anchored for several days to take on water and repair the ships. "Who Was Juan Ponce de León? Choose from 168 different sets of Juan Ponce de Leon flashcards on Quizlet.  Ponce de León was a member of this expedition, one of 200 "gentleman volunteers. Marc Tyler Nobleman, Juan Ponce de Leon (Mankato: Capstone Press, 2005), 7. Juan Ponce de León was a conquistador and explorer from Spain. After leaving Puerto Rico, they sailed northwest along the great chain of Bahama Islands, known then as the Lucayos. This was the first encounter with the Gulf Stream where it reaches maximum force between the Florida coast and the Bahamas. Ponce de León readily agreed to a new venture, and in February 1512 a royal contract was dispatched outlining his rights and authorities to search for "the Islands of Benimy". Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Juan Ponce de Leon was born on December 3, 1460 in Sines, Germany. Because of the powerful boost provided by the current, it would soon become the primary route for eastbound ships leaving the Spanish Indies bound for Europe.  The latitude coordinate recorded in the ship's log closest to the landing site, reported by Herrera (who had the original logbook) in 1601, was 30 degrees, 8 minutes. Ponce de León was also ordered to organize an armada for the purpose of attacking and subduing the Caribs, who continued to attack Spanish settlements in the Caribbean.. In 1521 Juan Ponce de León sailed to Florida with two ships and 200 men and landed near Charlotte Harbor. Top Answer. There he was wounded by an arrow during an Indian attack, and he died after being returned to Cuba. In 1506, Ponce de León discovered a nearby island named Borinquen. Ponce de León received a substantial land grant which authorized sufficient Indian slave labor to farm his new estate. Juan Ponce de Leon was a Spanish explorer who founded the oldest settlement in Puerto Rico and later discovered Florida in 1513 while searching for the mythical fountain of youth. Ponce de León was born into a poor yet noble family in Santervás de Campos, Spain, in 1460. In 1502 he was in the West Indies as a captain serving under Nicolás de Ovando, governor of Hispaniola. He established the first European community in Puerto Rico. Learn Juan Ponce de Leon with free interactive flashcards. Instead he found these amazing things. La Florida in colonial times extended north to Canada and west to Mexico. The other ship, after further explorations returned safely on 20 February, 1514.. In March of 1513, Ponce de Leon went from Puerto Rico to the northeast and landed in Florida. They were approached by Calusa, who might have been initially interested in trading but relations soon turned hostile.  In particular they anchored on the coast of a large island the natives called Borinquen but would eventually become known as Puerto Rico. The tiniest ship, the San Cristobal, was carried out of sight and lost for two days. On this occasion he was wounded by an arrow during an Indian attack, and he died after being returned to Cuba. He then returned to Hispaniola and was named governor of Puerto Rico but was soon displaced from the governorship through the political maneuvering of rivals. He named the region Florida because it was discovered at Easter time (Spanish: Pascua Florida) and because it abounded in lush, florid vegetation. The expedition of Juan Ponce de León searching for the Fountain of Youth in Florida in 1513. He discovered lands he called Florida in 1513 CE. , Around this time, Ponce de León married Leonora, an innkeeper's daughter. Spanish slave expeditions had been regularly raiding the Bahamas since 1494 and there is some evidence that one or more of these slavers made it as far as the shores of Florida. However, the native Calusa people fiercely resisted the incursion, and he was seriously wounded in a skirmish. In April, the Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de Leon landed while searching for the fabled isle of Bimini. He landed somewhere along Florida's east coast, then charted the Atlantic coast down to the Florida Keys and north along the Gulf coast, perhaps as far as Charlotte Harbor. Omissions? He made two trips to Florida: one in 1513 and the second in 1521. Ponce de León had influential supporters in Spain and Ferdinand regarded him as a loyal servant. New York: Chelsea House, 1995. Some challenges he faced were Native Inhabitants, Native Americans, the long voyages and the Muslims he fought in a war when he was in his teens.  Then in 1575, Hernando de Escalante Fontaneda, a shipwreck survivor who had lived with the Native Americans of Florida for 17 years, published his memoir in which he locates the waters in Florida, and says that Ponce de León was supposed to have looked for them there. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Ponce de Leon was the first European to discover the Gulf Stream (a powerful current in the Atlantic Ocean) during his 1512 expedition. The Spanish crown encouraged Ponce de León to continue searching for new lands.  Other historians have argued the distances were too great to cover in the available time and the more likely location was Cape Romano or Cape Sable. They reached the Dry Tortugas on 21 June. Ponce de Leon was born in Santervas de Campos, Spain where he started his first exploration. , As provincial governor, Ponce de León had occasion to meet with the Taínos who visited his province from neighboring Puerto Rico. Tradition holds that he had learned from Indians of an island called Bimini (in the Bahamas) on which there was a miraculous spring or fountain that could rejuvenate those who drank from it (the Fountain of Youth). This earlier trip was done quietly because the Spanish crown had commissioned Vicente Yáñez Pinzón to settle the island in 1505. Though little is known about his family, he was of noble birth and served in the Spanish military from a young age. Juan Ponce de Leon was appointed as the governor of San J… This was Ponce de León's first glimpse of the place that would play a major role in his future. , Once the war against the Emirate of Granada ended, there was no apparent need for his military services at home, so, like many of his contemporaries, Ponce de León looked abroad for his next opportunity. His relatives included Rodrigo Ponce de León, Marquis of Cádiz, a celebrated figure in the Moorish wars. By stepping foot in Florida, Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de León, by many accounts, discovered mainland America. From a distance the Keys reminded Ponce de León of men who were suffering, so he named them Los Martires (the Martyrs). This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Juan-Ponce-de-Leon, The Civil War - Biography of Juan Ponce De Leon, Heritage History - Biography of Ponce de Leon, Juan Ponce de León - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Juan Ponce de León - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). They had three daughters (Juana, Isabel and Maria) and one son (Luis). , "Ponce de León" redirects here. Juan Ponce de León. He would not return to Puerto Rico for two years. According to John J. Browne Ayes, 30% of the modern population of Puerto Rico descend from Juan Ponce de León and his wife.. The expedition landed somewhere on the coast of southwest Florida, likely in the vicinity of Charlotte Harbor or the Caloosahatchee River, areas which Ponce de León had visited in his earlier voyage to Florida.  Supposedly, Ponce de Leon treated the Indians under his governorship in a non-violent manner. According to a popular legend, Ponce de León discovered Florida while searching for the Fountain of Youth. The large stone house Ponce de León ordered built for his growing family still stands today near the city of Salvaleón de Higüey. 84–88. Juan Ponce de León (Spanish pronunciation: [xwan ˈponθe ðe leˈon]; 1474 – July 1521), commonly known as Ponce de León (/ˌpɒns də ˈliːən/, also UK: /ˌpɒnseɪ də leɪˈɒn/, US: /ˌpɒns də liˈoʊn, ˌpɒns(ə) deɪ -/), was a Spanish explorer and conquistador known for leading the first official European expedition to Florida and serving as the first governor of Puerto Rico. Ponce de León then had Ceron and Diaz arrested and sent back to Spain. On no occasion did Ponce de Leon personally set off through the swamps and forests of Florida deliberately seeking the Fountain of Youth. This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 05:26. His exploration career began when he joined Christopher Columbus on the second voyage to the New World in 1493. But over his decades-long career, Juan Ponce de León was the governor of Puerto Rico, a colonizer, and battled the Native peoples of … Juan Ponce de Leon is widely credited with the discovery of Florida.  The Indians were put to work growing food crops and mining for gold. He led an exploration and found gold. Notably, there was no mention of a rejuvenating fountain.. 2014-10-12 22:10:17 2014-10-12 22:10:17. Juan Ponce de León was a Spanish conquistador and explorer, best remembered for settling the island of Puerto Rico and for directing the first major explorations of Florida. Juan Ponce de Leon. 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